Abestos Mine in Bom Jesus da Serra and Eternit Factory in Simoes Filho, Brazil

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The mine Sao Felix do Amianto was opened between 1939 and 1967 in Bom Jesus da Serra and Pocoes in Bahia. The company Eternit still operates an asbestos factory in Simoes Filho in the metropolitan region of Salvador. Eternit belonged to Stephen Schmidheiny. There are many claims asking for compensation both from workers in the mine and also in the factory. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Abestos Mine in Bom Jesus da Serra and Eternit Factory in Simoes Filho, Brazil</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/brazil">Brazil</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Bahia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Bom Jesus da Serra e Simoes Filho</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Mineral ore exploration<br /> Tailings from mines<br /> Mineral processing</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/asbestos'>Asbestos</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The mine occupied between 300 - 700 hectares. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>30000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1990</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/sama-sociedade-anonima-mineracao-de-amianto'>Sama Sociedade Anonima Mineracao de Amianto</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/brazil'><small>Brazil</small></a><br /><a href='/company/eternit'>Eternit Colombiana</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/mexico'><small>Mexico</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Secretaria de Sade do Estado da Bahia , Comisso de Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Sustentvel da Cmara dos Deputados, Ministrio Pblico</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Associao Baiana de Expostos ao Amianto, Associao Brasileira dos Expostos ao Amianto (Abrea)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Industrial workers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Miners, mining workers</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Mine tailing spills<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> New legislation<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> The public procurator has indicted SAMA, asking for reparations. The anti-asbestos association of Bahia was present at Rio 20 complaining against the companies.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The mine in Sao Felix do Amianto is closed, but it still contaminates. The Eternit factory is in production for domestic consumption and for export. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> INSTITUTO DE DEFESA DO CONSUMIDOR (IDEC). Sama (amianto) na Bahia: morte de pessoas e contaminao de guas. Disponvel em: . Acesso em: 20 nov, 2008.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.midiaindependente.org/pt/blue/2008/10/430542.shtml" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> SECRETARIA DA SADE DO ESTADO DA BAHIA. Lanada campanha sobre exposio do amianto na Bahia. Disponvel em: . Acesso em: 20 nov, 2008.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.saude.ba.gov.br/noticias/noticia.asp?NOTICIA=3918" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> A TARDE. Vitimas do amianto pedem compensao. Disponvel em: . Acesso em: 20 nov, 2008.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://jornal.atarde.com.br/jornalatarde/bahia/noticia.jsf?id=957454" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Exploração de amianto pode dar indenização de R$ 20 mi,exploracao-de-amianto-pode-dar-indenizacao-de-r-20-mi,343562,0.htm<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.estadao.com.br/noticias/vidae" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Atingidos por amianto articulam mobilização internacional durante Rio 20<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.reporterbrasil.org.br/exibe.php?id=2068andei=ZbiGUKjANIma9gSL5ICQDwandusg=AFQjCNGwt0CUCMk0FBI1osq2UFX7r_M-4A" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Diogo Rocha</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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