African Wildlife Foundation REDD project, Kondoa Irangi Hills, Tanzania


The AWF is implementing a REDD project in a large area in Kondoa, Tanzania. Small-scale farmers are involved on the project in the name of 'reducing deforestation and forest degradation' by facilitating communities and individuals in the process of securing their land tenure through land use planning (LUP), providing alternative livelihood opportunities which reduce dependence on forest resources, promoting more efficient alternative energy options, and increasing productivity of agriculture in 'appropriate' areas. Yet some critics of REDD argue that land is being grabbed and local farmers livelihoods are being limited in the name of conservation.

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Basic Data
NameAfrican Wildlife Foundation REDD project, Kondoa Irangi Hills, Tanzania
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesCarbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCarbon quantification completed, 2.6 million tCO2 in the project area. AWF assessments indicate that the ARKFor REDD project in the Kolo Hills will lead to 2.6 million tons of carbon (CO2) emissions saved from avoided deforestation and forest degradation. Given the current market rates for carbon credits, this could generate between $52,000 and $105,000 annually.

Project Area (in hectares)71632
Level of Investment (in USD)2061794
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesAfrican Wildlife Foundation (AWF) - financed by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway
Environmental justice organisations and other
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Development of AlternativesFunds disbursed directly to community members
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.It is not clear how the REDD funds will be distributed to Kondoa family farmers and this may exacerbate conflicts in the community. This means the appropriation of massive areas of land from villagers for tree planting for REDD and this might threaten food security.
Sources and Materials

National Forest Policy

The Forest Act (2002)


Redd Countries: A database of REDD activities on the ground
[click to view]

African Wildlife Foundation
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorBoaventura Monjane
Last update08/04/2014