Afrodita-Dorato, Condorcanqui, Peru

Description

En octubre del 2001, dos años despues de la creacion de la Zona reservada Santiago en los distritos Cenepa, rio Santiago y Nieva de la provincia Condorcanqui, en la Cordillera del Condor, Amazonas, la compañia minera Afrodita SAC solicitó a INRENA la autorizacion de explorar y explotar 39 concesiones mineras situadas en las cabeceras de los rios Cenepa y Comaina.

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Basic Data
NameAfrodita-Dorato, Condorcanqui, Peru
CountryPeru
ProvinceCondorcanqui (Cordillera del Condor, Amazon)
SiteCenepa
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Gold
Copper
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsproyecto en etapa de exploracion.

Project Area (in hectares)70000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population15000
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesDorato Resources Inc. from Canada
Minera Afrodita S.A. from Peru
Maurel et Prom from France
Odebrecht Energy Luxembourg (Odebrecht) from Brazil
Relevant government actorsInstituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales-Inrena, Ministerio del Ambiente, Ministerio de Energia y Minas
International and Financial InstitutionsUnited Nations Human Rights Council (UN) from United States of America
UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComunidades indigenas Awajun y Wampis, Asociacion Interetnica de Desarrollo de la Selva (AIDESEP), Organizacion de Desarrollo de las Comunidades Fronterizas del Cenepa (ODECOFROC)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Conservationists
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Institutional changes
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Corruption
Violent targeting of activists
Deaths
Land demarcation
Repression
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesAffirmation of indigenous identity of Awajun and Wampis, also support from nature conservationists.

Transnational conflict (related to mining conflicts in Cordillera del Condor, Ecuador side)
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Existe intensa resistencia indigena, que exige el respeto de sus territorios. La compañia minera, a pesar de tener suspendidos los permisos de exploracion, continua con actividades y pese a las denuncias no ha sido sancionada por las autoridades. Hay también amenazas de petroleras y de hidroeléctricas.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
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References

Servindi

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

David Roca Basadre, Ni oro ni petroleo: territorio

Zebelio Kayap y J.C. Ruiz, La captura del Estado por una empresa minera. La carta de sujeción de INRENA a la minera Afrodita.

Links

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Other CommentsEste conflicto minero, está relacionado también con problemas de petróleo (la francesa Maurel et Prom) y represas (la brasileña Odebrecht), ya que afecta en distintos lugares el territorio de los indigenas Awajun y Wampis, por esta razon la resolucion del mismo,

solo puede darse de forma integral.
Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez, TW y JMA
Last update08/04/2014
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