Agip Facilty Pollutes Kwale Community Ponds, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Kwale Community is located in Ndokwa West Local Government Area of Delta State and has an estimated population of over 700,000 people who are predominantly fishermen and farmers. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Agip came into Kwale Community in 1957 but started operations in the early 1960s with the erection of a flow station, the Okpia/Kwale gas plant and 22 oil wells. An ERA Field monitor visited the community on the 6th of October 2010 after receiving a call from the Youth Chairman of Beneku in Kwale, Mr Eze Nwaeze who called to report leakage from Agip pipeline. <br/><br/> The community complains that radioactive substances from drilling wastes are causing unexplained deaths in their communities and that wastes like shales and sand stone are brought to surface and dumped in the ponds, lakes and farmlands and are spread far and wide during flood season. Also, toxic chemicals used in drilling wells are part of the problems. <br/><br/> They also complain about gas flaring that releases toxic components and poisonous chemicals, that have caused cases of asthma, rising infertility and chronic bronchitis and blood related diseases, as well as acid rain that impacts drinking water. <br/><br/> The oil spills in Ndokwa are caused by aged corroded pipelines. Effects include contamination of ground water, death of fish population, loss of cassava and yam plantations, destruction of vegetation, cause of acid soil and low crop yield, further impoverishing local people. <br/><br/> Furthermore, despite the Okpai Power Plant being built locally and promises to provide power for the community, leaders of the community allege that this has not happened. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Agip Facilty Pollutes Kwale Community Ponds, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Delta State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ndokwa West Local Government Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Gas flaring<br /> Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Oil and gas refining</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br /><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/nigeria-agip-oil-company'>Nigeria Agip Oil Company <small>(NAOC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/agip-group'>Agip Group</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/italy'><small>Italy</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria, Organised Ndokwa Effort (ONE)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Trade unions</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Threats to use arms<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil erosion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Under negotiation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Agip should be compelled to take steps to do proper clean up to the ponds of the Beneku/Okpia communities in Kwale.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The Company have not carried out adequate and proper clean up of the affected area.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> </p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> NIGERIA: AGIPs POLLUTION KILLING NDOKWA PEOPLE, SAYS ODILI-OBI <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.deltans.com/nigeria-agips-pollution-killing-ndokwa-people-says-odili-obi/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Field Report #246 : Agip Facility Pollutes Kwale Community Pond<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.eraction.org/component/content/article/238" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Eni announces the inauguration of the Okpai Power Plant in Nigeria<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.eni.com/en_IT/media/press-releases/2005/04/Eni_announces_the_inauguration_01.04.2005.shtml?menu2=media-archiveandmenu3=press-releases" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> NDOKWA, NIGERIAs OIL COMMUNITY CRIES OUT OVER AGIP, POWER SUPPLY<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/10496923/content/61289119-map-of-nigeria-showing-the-location-of-port-harcourt-in-the-niger-delta" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://article.wn.com/view/2009/08/26/Gas_Generation_Ndokwa_Youths_Give_Oil_Firm_60Day_Ultimatum/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Godwin Uyi Ojo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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