Agip Spills in Apoi community, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Apoi community live in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. In this area, Agips Ogboinbiri Flow Station has been built. The inhabitants are predominantly fishermen and subsistence farmers. The 10th Tededaba Clough Creek pipeline, which is one of the pipelines feeding the Ogboinbiri flow station, runs across their land. The pipeline was laid down in 1980. On the 20th October 2007, the community dwellers were alerted of the rupture of the Clough Creek pipeline as a result of fire, which was caused by the freely flowing crude oil. It was not the first time though; in fact there have been a series of oil spill in the community which also caused fires. The first occurred in 1999, followed by another incident in 2005, and then in 2007. All of these spills have occurred at the same spot. Obviously the pipelines have not been properly maintained. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Agip Spills in Apoi community, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Bayelsa State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Apoi Community, Southern Ijaw Local Government</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The Ogboinbiri Flow Station is supposed to produce 40,000 barrels of oil per day. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>20/11/2007</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/nigeria-agip-oil-company'>Nigeria Agip Oil Company <small>(NAOC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/nigerian-national-petroleum-corporation'>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation <small>(NNPC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action., Oilwatch Nigeria.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Landless peasants<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Trade unions<br /> Women</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Oil spills<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>-Agip Nigeria should put an immediate stop to the spill at Apoi Community. The ruptured pipeline should be replaced immediately.<br/><br/>-The affected area should be cleaned and the land and the environment promptly remediated.<br/><br/>-Adequate compensation should be made for the loss of lands and livelihood to the people of Apoi community.<br/><br/>-Ageing oil pipelines scattered throughout the Niger Delta should be replaced to minimize the seemingly incessant incidence of ruptures.<br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The community has suffered from several spills without clean up or compensation. The pipeline had spewed crude oil for several days before Agip finally stopped it. The vegetation around the spill site had been destroyed as a result of the fire. Several fish ponds are visibly affected by the spill. Agip has never conducted any clean up operation nor paid compensation to the affected people.<br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Oyibos Online:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.oyibosonline.com/cgi-bin/newsscript2.pl?record=2106" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Communication from the Italian Senate:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.senato.it/japp/bgt/showdoc/showText?tipodoc=Sindispandleg=15andid=273683" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Oil Turmoil<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t9r9XwDx7MQ" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Godwin Uyi Ojo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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