Aimorés Hydroelectric Power Plant, Brazil

Description
The hydroelectric power plant called 'Aimorés' is officially named 'Eliézer Batista'. It is operated by the consortium CEMIG (energy company) and Vale (transnational mining company). The hydroelectric power plant on the river Doce started to work in 2005, affecting 3 municipalities in Minas Gerais State: Itueta, Resplendor and Aimorés. An environmental conflict occurred due to the changes in the course of the River Doce, the flooding of an area larger than initially forseen, the neglect of the companies to the local practices and residents, and the non-compliance of the environmental license. The Itueta city was totally flooded and had to be rebuilt, not all residents were resettled nor compensated. Beyond that, the new town experiences frequent floods and the houses are cracking. In the Resplendor city the plant damaged the fishery, and a lot of species disappeared. And the companies have not resolved the sewage problem, one of the conditions of the agreement. Indigenous Krenak lands did not appeared in the EIA, the hydroelectric plant changed the ancestral fishing practices, and affected the Krenak`s sacred relation to the river. At Aimorés city, the fishermen and small farmers were severely affected. Subsistence fishing activity is not viable anymore, and plantations that served to subsistence crops were flooded.

Basic Data
NameAimorés Hydroelectric Power Plant, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceMinas Gerais
SiteItueta, Resplendor and Aimorés
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Water
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The HEP has a final installed capacity of 330 MW.
See more...
Project Area (in hectares)280000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population50000
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesEnergy Company of Minas Gerais (CEMIG) from Brazil
Vale S.A. (Vale) from Brazil - formerly named Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (Brazil)
Relevant government actorsMPF - Federal Public Ministry, MPE/MG - State Public Ministry of Minas Gerais
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMAB -Movement of People Affected by Dams, APRAPUHA - Association of Landowners Affected by Hydroelectric Aimorés, APERDOCE -Fishermen Association of Resplendor City, Association of Residents of Itueta, Indigenous Community Krenak
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Obstructing the railway till their demands are met
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Land demarcation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesThe affected people want their rights recognized and compliance with agreements.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The hydroelectric power plant is in operation and the affected communities are still claiming their rights to compensation.
Sources and Materials
References

(9) Transnacionais - miolo baixa resolução.pdf
[click to view]

EFEITOS E PROCESSOS DE (DES)TERRITORIALIZAÇAO NA IMPLANTACAO DA UHE DE AIMORES (MG)
[click to view]

Rene Gonçalves Serafim Silva, Vicente de Paulo da Silva

MAB – Movimento dos Atingidos por Barragens, 'O modelo de energia eletrica no Brasil e as grandes empresas brasileiras', in 'As empresas transnacionais brasileiras na america latina: un debate necessário'

Links

Mapa de Conflictos Ambientais de Minas Gerais, Ficha Tecnica (in Portuguese),
[click to view]

Official website of the HEP
[click to view]

(1) Michael Sucharov (for Comite Brasileiro de Barragens), AIMORÉS HYDROELECTRIC POWERPLANT ON THE DOCE RIVER
[click to view]

Cimi; Krenak Indigenous People Block Railway of biggest Brazilian Mining Company
[click to view]

Media Links

video ' Amor à Terra' (UHE Aimorés)
[click to view]

video 'Power on the River'
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAndréa Zhouri
Last update08/04/2014
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