Air pollution from Makstil AD, Skopje, Macedonia

In 2014, iron smelting factory Makstil finally installed filters to reduce its air pollution, as it was demanded by the citizens of Skopje for several years.


Description

Skopje is the capital of Macedonia and represents a typical example of an industrialized city from the ex- Yugoslavia. Most of the “socialist” era facilities are closed; however, several of them are still in operation. Considering the fact that Skopje is in a valley, environmental pollution of the air is enormously high especially during autumn months.

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Basic Data
NameAir pollution from Makstil AD, Skopje, Macedonia
CountryMacedonia, FYR
SiteSkopje
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Metal refineries
Specific CommoditiesSteel
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMakstil ended 2013 with a net profit of $68,100. The volume of finished goods production fell 30% to 154,282 tonnes.

The company targets are production of 120,000 tonnes of semi-finished casting products (slabs) and 180,000 tonnes of hot-rolled finished products (heavy plates) in 2014.
Project Area (in hectares)185,400
Level of Investment (in USD)24,800,000 (dust collection system)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population668,511
Start Date2008
End Date01/11/2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesMakstil AD Skopje (Makstil) from Macedonia, FYR - Owner of the plant
Duferco Group from United States of America
STG (Tecoaer) (STG) from Italy - Building of a gas filtration system in Makstil
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning of Macedonia; The State Inspectorate for Environment, Macedonia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNGO Ekosvest: http://www.ekosvest.com.mk/; The Macedonian Green Party
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
OtherRespiratory diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
OtherReduced air quality
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Fine and penalties; Filters installed
Development of AlternativesThe company representatives said that in the last two to three years Makstil factory has been working with 30% of its capacity with aim to reduce air pollution.

Green Party and citizens demanded no more penalties but rather introduction of filters following the environmental standards prescribed by the European Union. They also asked for closure of the factory until the necessary environmental improvements have been met.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The factory has installed filters.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

THE LAW ON ENVIRONMENT
[click to view]

Law on Ambient Air Quality
[click to view]

Links

ENVIRONMENT MINISTER ADEMI WILL CLOSE MAKSTIL
[click to view]

Maksteel will meet the requirements for the A integrated environmental permit according the schedule
[click to view]

STEEL FACTORY IN MACEDONIA DUBBED ‘SKOPJE’S CHERNOBYL’
[click to view]

Links on protests in macedonian
[click to view]

Makstil to Meet Requirements for "A" Integrated Environmental Permit
[click to view]

INTERVIEW - Macedonia's Makstil eyes profit in 2014, to invest 10 mln euro in new equipment
[click to view]

Maksteel will meet the requirements for the A integrated environmental permit according the schedule
[click to view]

Companies must invest in environment
[click to view]

New filtration system to reduce Maksil's pollution
[click to view]

Links to "Lungs funeral" performance
[click to view]

Макстил за три месеци оствари добивка од 2,1 милиони денари
[click to view]

Makstil Duferco
[click to view]

Makstil completes ecopermit commitments
[click to view]

Jugohrom Makstil to stop operations until meeting environmental standards
[click to view]

Makstil ceases operations to install filtration system
[click to view]

Makstil steel mill to resume more environmentally friendly production by mid January
[click to view]

Media Links

Zagaduvanje od Zelezara Skopje
[click to view]

Загадување Железара Скопје
[click to view]

„Макстил" престанува со работа!
[click to view]

Анкета за Железара
[click to view]

Макстил испушта околу 8 000 тони прашинa
[click to view]

Железара закана за Скопје - Zelezara zakana za Skopje 2012
[click to view]

Протест Железара (изјави на граѓани)
[click to view]

Протест Железара инсерти
[click to view]

Протест Железара инсерти
[click to view]

Other Documents

Protests against Makstil- Skopje’s Chernobyl The sign reads “We want clean air”
[click to view]

Pollution from Makstil Cloud of smoke and dust from Makstil threatening Skoplje
[click to view]

Protests against Makstil The sign reads “Stop the pollution from the steel factory"
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update18/05/2016
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