Air pollution from brick factory 'SPREMO', Serbia

The brick factory in Gornja Rogatica village was using animal carcasses as a process fuel which provoked reaction by local community and activists that managed to close it in 2012.

'Ciglana SPREMO' DOO is a factory for manufacturing of bricks from clay located in a village of Gornja Rogatica in the northern Serbia. The factory was using animal carcasses as a process fuel, without having a legal permit and air filters. Additionally, the animal waste resulting from the factory process added to the existing problem of uncontrolled dump site near the village. In 2011, the local environmental NGO 'Hrast' supported by villagers of Gornja Rogatica organized protests in front of the factory. The protesters complained that the smell coming from the factory make them nauseating and affect their everyday activities and their life quality. The same year NGO 'Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa' filmed a documentary movie in order to promote the Gornja Rogatica case among wider public. The case was investigated by the Inspectorate for Environmental Protection. The results of the factory inspection confirmed the illegal and uncontrolled use of animal carcasses as a process fuel, which resulted in the factory being officially banned to continue with that practice. However, as these measures did not bring positive results and the factory continued operating as usual, the NGO activists and villagers organized another protest and sent a complaint letter to the Environmental Inspectorate. The factory was finally closed and charges were raised against its owner in 2012. However, there are no information if the uncontrolled dump site was properly sanitized .
Basic Data
NameAir pollution from brick factory 'SPREMO', Serbia
SiteGornja Rogatica
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Manufacturing activities
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesManufactured Products
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population477
Start Date2011
End Date2012
Company Names or State Enterprises‘CIGLANA SPREMO’ DOO from Serbia - The polluter
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; The Provincial Secretariat for Architecture, Spatial Planning and Environmental Protection; The Inspectorate for Environmental Protection
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEkolosko udruzenje ‘Hrast’; NGO Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa:
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
OtherNausea and vomiting
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Factory closure
Development of AlternativesThe NGO activists and villagers demanded that the factory stop using the animal carcasses as production fuel, as well as to clean the uncontrolled dump site.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The factory closure prevented further air pollution. However, there is no information if the uncontrolled dump site -containing animal waste originated from the factory- was properly cleaned.
Sources and Materials

Zakon o upravljanju otpadom (Sl. Glasnik RS. Br 36/2009 i 88/2010)
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Vanredni inspekcijski nadzor na osnovu predstavke građana u postrojenju za pečenje građ. opeke u Gornjoj Rogatici, Bačka Topola (Inspectorate for Environmental Protection)
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Inspekcijski nadzor u ''CIGLANI SPREMO'' doo, Feketić sproveden na osnovu prijave građana (Inspectorate for Environmental Protection)
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Peku ciglu na lesevima zivotinja
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Morbidno: Peku ciglu leševima životinja!
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Zelena patrola
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Cigle od crkotina
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Media Links

Gornja Rogatica - Vlast zatvara oči pred velikim problemom.wmv (documentary by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa 2012)
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S04E11 Gornja Rogatica - Malo mesto sa velikim problemima - Šta je bilo posle...(documentary by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa 2013)
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Zelena patrola na delu - S02E03 - Gornja Rogatica - malo mesto sa velikim problemima (documentary by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa 2011)
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Other Documents

Uncontrolled dump site in Gornja Rogatica The picture shows the NGOs activists in a visit to the uncontrolled dump site in Gornja Rogatica
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Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update25/04/2016