Al Tamimi Khaled attempts crop farming in Dosso, Niger

Description

In 2007, Saudi companies (Al Tamimi Khaled, Bin Taleb Alhil International, and another group) met with the head of state and several ministers in charge of rural development in Niger. The companies had already scouted the country and requested 15,000 continuous hectares of the best river valley farmland to grow irrigated crops, which the government of Niger approved. The meetings and negotiations, however, did not consult the administration of the Rural Code. After government investigations and public input a report was released to authorities banning the land grant. Although the plan had been approved it was not legal, and therefore could not be signed by the Government of Niger or the Saudi investors. The land remained as property of those farming it already. Niger is a very arid country and the Permanent Secretary of the Rural Code, Abdoul Karim Mamalo, opposed the deal, stating that granting valuable land and water to foreign interests for exports was not what he considered rural development for smallholders, quoting them he said 'Land for us, is really life.' The project has thus been abandoned.

See more...
Basic Data
NameAl Tamimi Khaled attempts crop farming in Dosso, Niger
CountryNiger
ProvinceDosso Region
SiteDosso, Ouna
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesFruits and Vegetables
Water
Land
Irrigated Crops
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe companies sought to purchase 10,895 hectares in Ouna-Kouanzo valley, 4409 nectares in Koulandjabou kiria valley, and 618 hectares in Akam-Ouna basin.

Project Area (in hectares)15922
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesAl Tamini Khaled Alhil International from Saudi Arabia
Groupe Bin Taleb International from Saudi Arabia
Relevant government actorsMr. Abdul Karim Mamalo, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Rural Code of Niger Agricultural Development, the Secretary of State of Niger
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMinistry of the Rural Code of Niger
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Other: Government legislation enforcement
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Suspension of the project:::Project stopped
Development of AlternativesThe land commissions (COFO) are spaces where traditional chiefs can discuss their concerns with the local administration. The people have asked for strengthening this process, through further participation and other commissions. Enforcement of the Rural Land Code.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Enforcing the existing legislation in this case has prevented and hopefully will continue to prevent the establishment of contracts such as this one, which infringe on the rights of the people. Established land commissions (COFO) are meant to bridge traditional leaders, citizens, and the government to prevent conflicts such as this.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Rural Code Act (passed in 1993)

References

World Bank, 2010, 'Land Transactions and Investments in West Africa'.

Links

, 'Des politiques foncières adaptées permettent de réduire les risques de lappropriation massive des terres-Cas du Niger'
[click to view]

'16.000 hectares de terres agricoles mises en valeur par des investisseurs saoudiens au Niger' http:///post/view/19912
[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

World Bank-

Media Links

Abdoul Karim Mamalo Secrétaire Permanent au Code Rural Niger
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAliza Tuttle
Last update08/04/2014
Comments