Alibag SEZ in Mumbai, MH, India

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Alibag (Alibaug) is a city near Mumbai (Bombay), in the state of Maharastra. In September, 2006 a Special Economic Zone was proposed at Alibag. For this purpose, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) was supposed to acquire land. The proposed SEZ was being developed by India Bulls infrastructure Development Corporation. For the purpose of SEZ government issued an extraordinary notification empowering the MIDC to acquire nearly 5,000 acres of land in 22 villages [1]. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">As the idea was conceived, local people were strongly against the SEZ. They demanded immediate scrapping of the project because the proposed land is highly fertile and the only means of livelihood for the people. The villagers formed an organization named '22 Gao bachao Sangharsha Samiti'. The organization is a registered body of farmers for protesting against the SEZ [1], and defined the project as a form of land grab. In February 2010, groups of environmentalists and social activits organized a seminar called seminar ‘Vikas, Vinash and You" ("Development, distruction and you") to mobilise against what they termed the “land mafia” and to call farmers to protect their lands against economic and environmental degradation. They pointed out that the main question is how a designated green zone is being converted into an industrial zone and that this is not acceptable.<br/><br/>The mobilizers used many times the Right to Information Act to get information about the project. It was revealed through the applications that the rice fields and orchards are being acquired by MIDC would be handed over to private reality giant India Bulls for a percentage of the profit [2].<br/><br/>On February 17, the Bombay High Court rules that MIDC and Indiabulls cannot acquire the land from these villages on the basis of unconstitutionality of the proceedings and because the villagers did not get a public hearing. The verdict not only affected the lives and livelihoods of thousands of farmers but also nearly 5000 acres of fertile green cover that act as natural lungs for its congested neighbour, Mumbai.<br/><br/>Maharashtra Govt finally cancelled in 2012 the Notification for the SEZ in area because of the opposition from the farmers in the region.<br/><br/>However, the plans for urban developments in Mumbai and surrounding townships are likely to follow the usual path of large infrastructures to connect the parts of the cities and to attract big investments in the area. In name of the conept of "smart cities", new proposals for more SEZ are not to be excluded in Alibaug [5].<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Alibag SEZ in Mumbai, MH, India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/india">India</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Maharastra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Alibag</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>2,023</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>25,000-50,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>21/09/2006</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">End Date</td><td>25/09/2012</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/indianbulls-group'>Indiabulls Group</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a><br /><a href='/company/maharashtra-industrial-development-corporation'>Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation <small>(MIDC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Government of Maharashtra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>'22 Gao bachao Sangharsha Samiti', SEZ Virodhi Sangarsh Samiti, Bawees Gaon Bachao Samiti</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Informal workers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Strikes<br /> Hunger strikes and self immolation</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The people have learnt from past experience that the benefits of projects have not been shared. They have only paid costs. So they do not sell their land to the companies at any cost [4]. The activists, urged the villagers to mobilize against the “land mafia” to protect their farms against economic and environmental degradation [2]</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Maharashtra Govt cancelled the Notification for the SEZ in area because of the opposition from the farmers in the region.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> The Special Economic Zones Act, 2005<br/><a class="refanch small" href=",%202005.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> [1] Farmers protest against SEZ<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [2] Green activists urge villagers to fight proposed economic zone<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [3]India Bulls<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [4] Struggle against Reliance SEZ intensifies<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Focus now on ‘smart cities’, Mumbai's satellite towns will benefit<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Alibag SEZ<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Source :<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Swapan Kumar Patra </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/07/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>