Almstriden, Stockholm, Sweden

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In 1970 in Stockholm, Sweden, a project plan was formulated to build a subway station in Kungsträdgården. According to the plan, the building of the ticket hall and entrance would require that the 13 elm trees growing in Kungsträdgården had to be cut down. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> This plan was met with massive protests by the inhabitants of Stockholm (and elsewhere) and included land occupation, formal appeals to the plan, protest meetings, marches, a press campaign and petitions. <br/><br/> The culmination of the protest was on the night between the 12th and 13th of May in 1971 when workers arrived to cut down the trees. A large police force (including mounted police) were there to protect the workers. However, due to the number of people present, the police judged that it was not safe to cut down the trees and the protesters had thus succeeded in protecting the 13 elms. <br/><br/> The elm trees are still standing in Kungsträdgården, although a scar caused by a chainsaw can be seen on one of the trees. (1, 2, 3)<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Almstriden, Stockholm, Sweden</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/sweden">Sweden</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Uppland/Södermanland</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Stockholm</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)<br /> Urban development conflicts</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">According to the project plan for the subway station, all of the 13 elm trees in Kungsträdgården would have to be cut down. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1970</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Stockholm Stads Byggnadskontor, Stockholm Stads Gatukontor</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Alternativ Stad, http://www.alternativstad.nu/</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Recreational users</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Land occupation<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Negotiated alternative solution<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Thanks to the protesters, the elm trees were not cut down.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Helldén, Daniel. 2005. Demokratin utmanas: Almstriden och det politiska etablissemanget. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Doktorsavhandling. PhD thesis. Abstract available: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://su.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:197665" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> (1) The battle of the Elms 1971, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.aktivism.info/socialforumjourney/?p=2014" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (2) Almbladet, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.alternativstad.nu/resources/almbladet.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (3) Almstriden, Alternativ Stad, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.alternativstad.nu/Dokument/almstriden.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Almarna i Kungsträdgården från 1971, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ddbt7yeUhCk" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Almstriden, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.alternativstad.nu/Dokument/almstriden.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.aktivism.info/socialforumjourney/?p=2014" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Linda Dubec</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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