Alto Paraná en Misiones, Argentina

Description
La empresa Alto Paraná S.A. (APSA) es la empresa forestal más importante de la Argentina y una de las más grandes de América Latina. Pertenece desde 1996 al grupo chileno Celulosa Arauco y Constitución S.A.
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Basic Data
NameAlto Paraná en Misiones, Argentina
CountryArgentina
ProvinceMisiones
SitePuerto Esperanza en Puerto Piray
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Deforestation
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesCellulose
Pine
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Alto Parana tiene 230 000 ha forestadas con pinos.
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Project Area (in hectares)230000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population9900
Company Names or State EnterprisesAlto Paraná S.A. (APSA) from Argentina
Celulosa Arauco y Constitución S.A. from Chile
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Ambiente de Argentina, Gobierno de la Provincia de Misiones, Cámara de Diputados, Cámara de Representantes de Misiones
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWorld Rainforest Movement (WRM), Movimiento Sin Tierra de Puerto Libertad (MST Libertad), Productores Independientes de Piray (PIP), Sindicato de Obreros y Empleados del Papel(SOEP-CTA), Unión de Productores de Puerto Libertad, Conicet, Comunicadores populares, Campaña “Paren con las Plantaciones Forestales
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Pastoralists
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Other0
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
0
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.El monocultivo de pino y el uso de agrotóxicos genera grandes impactos en la zona, tales como: acaparamiento de tierras, pérdida de cultivos de pan coger, problemas de salud, por el uso de agrotóxicos, conflictos laborales, y poco respaldo estatal a la comunidad.
Sources and Materials
References

Sebastián Korol, 2011, El caso de Alto Paraná S.A. en Misiones, Revista Superficie (Informe realizado por el Fiscal Popular en la audiencia del caso Alto Paraná S.A).
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Impactos del manejo forestal de la empresa Alto Paraná S.A., Revista Superficie, 2013
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El Diario de Buenos Aires, junioo 2013, Expropian tierras a Altos Paraná SA en Misiones
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Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez y TW
Last update08/04/2014
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