Amayapampa and Capasirca's masacre, Bolivia

Description
En diciembre de 1996 se produjo la masacre de Amayapampa y Capasirca, en el norte de Potosí. Convencidos de que la explotacion capitalista de las minas solo deja socavones vacios, contaminacion ambiental y tierras y rios envenenados con mercurio, las comunidades indigenas quechuas de Bolivia conminaron a la transnacional canadiense Vista Gold Corporation para que abandone la zona y olvide sus intentos de hacerse con la explotación de oro de la mina Amayapampa.
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Basic Data
NameAmayapampa and Capasirca's masacre, Bolivia
CountryBolivia
ProvincePotosi
SiteAmayapampa
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesGold
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMina a cielo abierto Reservas 1.1 millones de onzas de oro
Level of Investment (in USD)35000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1200
Start Date1996
Company Names or State EnterprisesVista Gold Corp. from Australia
Republic Gold Limited from Australia
Corporacion Minera de Bolivia (COMIBOL) from Bolivia
Relevant government actorsGobierno Nacional de Bolivia
International and Financial InstitutionsInter-American Commission on Human Rights
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersIndigenous inhabitants
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Deaths
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.El proyecto estuvo parado muchos años debido a la expulsion de la empresa

minera Vista Gold, aun cuando se ha pretendido reabrir la produccion desde 2008.
Sources and Materials
References

Nuñez, Rene y Jungwirth C, Oro y sangre de Amayapampa y Capasirca,
[click to view]

Web, Constituyente Soberana (Bolivia), Por contaminacion y explotacion, indigenas expulsan a la transnacional Vista Gold, 13.05.2009

Blog, Bolivia Minera, Gobierno busca el control de Ayamapampa,

Tarcaya, F, El proceso historico de la Masacre de Navidad,

de capasirca&hl=es&sa=&Xei=xZ7HT9juA4mGgwe4qOnxDQ&ved=0CC4Q6AEwADgK
[click to view]

Links

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Meta Information
ContributorJoan Martinez Alier & Pato Chavez
Last update28/08/2014
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