Andal Airetropolis, India

Description
Andal, located in Buwdwan District of West Bengal, is going to be the site of India’s first Airetropolis. This will be a private airport city. The total cost of the project will be about 5 billion dollars and based on 3500 acres of land. The city will be owned by the Singapore’s Changi International Airport, and constructed by Bengal Airetropolis Project Limited.
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Basic Data
NameAndal Airetropolis, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceWest Bengal
SiteAndal, Burdwan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Manufacturing activities
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAndal, in West Bengal, is going to be the site of India’s first Airetropolis – a private airport city at a cost of 5 billion dollars and based on 3500 acres of land. The city will be owned by the Singapore’s Changi International Airport, and constructed by Bengal Airetropolis Project Limited. In the first phase, initiative was taken for the acquisition of 2362.84 acres of land.

Project Area (in hectares)1416.4
Level of Investment (in USD)5,000,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesBengal Airetropolis Project Limited
Pragati 47
Pawan Hans Limited
Relevant government actorsCivil Aviation ministry, Government of India, Government of West Bengal, West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAdhikar (a local group), Local Villagers, Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI), Communist Party of India (Marxist)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Trinmool Congress Party Communist Party of India (Marxist) Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) Adhikar - Local Group
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Noise pollution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
New legislation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesLocal people demand that government should either return their land or pay compensation according to the current market rate.

Also, they ask for five years’ wages to over 2,000 farm laborers who became jobless after the land acquisition.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Share croppers of the acquired land, alleged that though the land owners had received their compensation the share croppers were deprived.

Agitators also claim that there is favoritism in distribution of compensation. The people who are belonging to a particular political party (Trinamool Congress) had received the compensation cheques. While people of other political party have not received the compensation.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Land Acquisition Act of 1894
[click to view]

*(In new land acquisition Bill, government has issued a document explaining the tenets of the Bill that offers a comprehensive explanation of a law that will change how land is acquired and owners are compensated in India.)

References

Report on India’s first airport city (Andal Airetropolis) from Adhikar - See more at:
[click to view]

Character Durgapur Aerocity or Airetropolis-- a report (in Bengali)
[click to view]

Media Links

Andal Airport construction is almost complete. It will start functioning from 2014. (In Bengali)
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
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