Andal Airetropolis, India

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Andal, located in Buwdwan District of West Bengal, is going to be the site of India’s first Airetropolis. This will be a private airport city. The total cost of the project will be about 5 billion dollars and based on 3500 acres of land. The city will be owned by the Singapore’s Changi International Airport, and constructed by Bengal Airetropolis Project Limited. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Notice for the project was served according to Section 4(1) from the Burdwan Collector’s Office. Various newspapers printed the notice between December 11-21, 2008. In the first phase, initiative was taken for the acquisition of 2362.84 acres of land, and the notice called on any person associated with the land to come forward and raise objections. There are claims that the notice wasn’t circulated or published through the Panchayats in the villages. As a result, many people do not know about the notice. <br/><br/> More than 250 share croppers of nearby villages stalled work at the Andal airport project site to protest against the delay in getting compensation. The agitators prevented the officials of Bengal Aerotropolis Limited (BAPL) from entering the site. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Andal Airetropolis, India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/india">India</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>West Bengal</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Andal, Burdwan</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Urban development conflicts<br /> Ports and airport projects<br /> Manufacturing activities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Andal, in West Bengal, is going to be the site of India’s first Airetropolis – a private airport city at a cost of 5 billion dollars and based on 3500 acres of land. The city will be owned by the Singapore’s Changi International Airport, and constructed by Bengal Airetropolis Project Limited. In the first phase, initiative was taken for the acquisition of 2362.84 acres of land. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>1416.4</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>5,000,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/bengal-airetropolis-project-limited'>Bengal Airetropolis Project Limited</a><br /><a href='/company/pragati-47'>Pragati 47</a><br /><a href='/company/pawan-hans-limited'>Pawan Hans Limited</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Civil Aviation ministry, Government of India, Government of West Bengal, West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Adhikar (a local group), Local Villagers, Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI), Communist Party of India (Marxist)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Land occupation<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Strikes<br /> Trinmool Congress Party Communist Party of India (Marxist) Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) Adhikar - Local Group </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Noise pollution</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Under construction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> New legislation<br /> Under negotiation<br /> Application of existing regulations</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Local people demand that government should either return their land or pay compensation according to the current market rate. <br/><br/>Also, they ask for five years’ wages to over 2,000 farm laborers who became jobless after the land acquisition.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Share croppers of the acquired land, alleged that though the land owners had received their compensation the share croppers were deprived.<br/><br/>Agitators also claim that there is favoritism in distribution of compensation. The people who are belonging to a particular political party (Trinamool Congress) had received the compensation cheques. While people of other political party have not received the compensation.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Land Acquisition Act of 1894 <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> *(In new land acquisition Bill, government has issued a document explaining the tenets of the Bill that offers a comprehensive explanation of a law that will change how land is acquired and owners are compensated in India.)<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Report on India’s first airport city (Andal Airetropolis) from Adhikar - See more at: <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Character Durgapur Aerocity or Airetropolis-- a report (in Bengali) <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Andal Airport construction is almost complete. It will start functioning from 2014. (In Bengali)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Swapan Kumar Patra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>