Angangueo community vs Grupo Mexico, Michoacan

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The goal of Grupo Mexico is to reactivate silver, zinc, lead and copper underground mining in the hills surrounding the village. Here is the sanctuary of El Rosario, where each year receives the Monarch butterfly. the revival of the old underground mining in Angangeo (Michoacan) by the mining consortium Grupo Mexico would have therefore a significant environmental impact on biodiversity and also on water resources. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The change of small scale mining to corporate mining would be through the implementation of large machinery and modern extraction technologies. It has already been reported that process intensification leads to groundwater contamination near the mine instalations. Also, reduced availability of water for domestic and agricultural uses. <br/><br/> This, together with the actions by underpaid workers (when the company was sold to Grupo Mexico was not paid correctly) has led to a strong conflict between residents of the community and the company. <br/><br/> According to OCMAL, reporting in 2012, La empresa de Germán Larrea operará la quinta mina más importante en todo el país, la cual se ubica en el oriente de Michoacán. <br/><br/> Grupo México invertirá 131 millones de dólares durante los próximos tres años para la reactivación de la mina de Angangueo, en donde espera extraer cobre, plata, zinc y plomo. <br/><br/> El consorcio minero anunció que para el próximo año invertirá mil 400 millones de dólares en todo el país, de los cuales un porcentaje se destinará al proyecto de la mina que está en el oriente michoacano. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Angangueo community vs Grupo Mexico, Michoacan</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mexico">Mexico</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Michoacán</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Angangueo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Mineral processing<br /> Water access rights and entitlements<br /> Tailings from mines</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/gold'>Gold</a><br /><a href='/commodity/silver'>Silver</a><br /><a href='/commodity/lead'>Lead</a><br /><a href='/commodity/zinc'>Zinc</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The company announced the investment of approximately 130 million USD pesos for reviving Angangeo mine, which stopped working years for 22 years, when it was operated by Impelling Angangeo Mining (Imasa). </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The technical study notes that Angangeo mine has reserves of 13 million tonnes identified with 0.16 g / t Au and 262 g / t Ag, and 0.79 percent Pb, 0.97 percent Cu and 3.5 percent Zn. <br/><br/> Grupo Mexico (that used to be Southern Peru Copper Corp.), has detected high potential in Angangueo, the level of classification as the fifth Most Important Mine That the group operating in the country. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>135,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>10,768 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/corporations'>Corporations</a> - <small> GRUPO MÉXICO S.A DE C.V./ SOUTHERN PERU COPPER CORP.</small><br /><a href='/company/susidiary'>Susidiary</a> - <small> Industrial Minera México (IMMSA)</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Main government actors: México's government/ Secretaría de medio ambiente y recursos naturales (SEMARNAT)/ Secretaría de Economía (SE)/ Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente (PROFEPA). Secondary actors: Servicio Geológico Mexicano (</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Angangueo community (Michoacan), Conservationist groups (Monarch butterfly)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Artisanal miners<br /> Industrial workers<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Under construction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> To emphasize conservation (against deforestation and mining) because the Monarch buttefly sanctuary of El Rosario is in Angangueo. Also Angangueo was notified in 2012 as a Pueblo Mágico, for tourist attraction.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Just compensation for workers.<br/><br/>Conservation. Eco-tourism.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The labor dispute was not resolved and the environmental impacts continue.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente, LEGEPA, 2005 /Ley inversión extranjera, 2001/ Ley Minera, 2006 / Reglamento de la Ley de Inversión Extranjera, 1998 / The North American Free Trade Agreement, TLC, 1994/ Article 27 of Mexican Constitution<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Angangueo, 2012, Pueblo Magico<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p><br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Research Group of Mining Landscapes in Mexico, Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, Morelia´s campus.& Joan Martinez Alier</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>