Anglo Platinum Mogalakwena mine lawsuit, South Africa

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Mogalakwena mine (formally PPL mine) is located 20 km northwest of the town of Mokopane and falls within the Limpopo Province’s Waterberg District (DC36) and Mogalakwena Local Municipalities. The current mine opened in 1991. Although Anglo Platinum holds the mining right over the large area, it does not own the surface rights. The surface rights belong to the Mapela and Langa traditional authorities and are held in Trust by the state on behalf these authorities. Many communities live on the land within, or immediately adjacent to the mining right area. This conflict is about issues with the resettlement, relocation process and about water contamination and blasting affecting communities due to the mining activities. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> On 24 July 2007, over 100 residents of Ga Puka and Ga Sekhaolelo (the Mohlohlo Community) filed a lawsuit in the High Court Transvaal Provincial Division, against Potgietersrust Platinums Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Anglo Platinum and nine other defendants (including the South African Government). The plaintiffs sought an injunction prohibiting Anglo Platinum from interfering with the residents’ land rights in an area where they were expanding their mining activities. The plaintiffs sought to set aside the relocation agreement Anglo Platinum made with Section 21 companies – entities which were supposed to represent the interests of the individuals being resettled. <br/><br/> The plaintiffs alleged that: the Section 21 companies were not independent and under the influence of Anglo Platinum; Anglo Platinum forcibly relocated residents; and individual householders signed relocation agreements under duress. The plaintiffs further alleged that Anglo Platinum did not comply with the terms of the relocation agreement. The court denied the plaintiffs the requested injunction, and the case was dismissed. <br/><br/> Following a 2008 report published by Action Aid on the situation in Limpopo, the South African Human Rights Commission investigated the human rights impact of Anglo Platinum’s mining activity in region and issued a report late 2008 with recommendations for the company. This investigation was the first time the commission examined the human rights impact of a company’s activities. <br/><br/> Some of the impacts the commission noted included issues of access to water, access to sanitation and electricity, mine blasting, the impact on food and agricultural security and the removal of graves. It is also noted problems with compensation and that the disintegration of trust amongst affected communities was initiated and exacerbated through a perception that grievances raised within the community were not being addressed. Without an effective grievance mechanism perceptions are created that community concerns are of little value thus effectively dislocating communities being resettled from the resettlement process. <br/><br/> Over 100 residents of Ga Puka and Ga Sekhaolelo will be directly affected. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Anglo Platinum Mogalakwena mine lawsuit, South Africa</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/south-africa">South Africa</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Limpopo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Mokopane</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Mineral ore exploration<br /> Uranium extraction<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/rare-metals'>Rare metals</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br />Platinum</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The current infrastructure consists of four open pits, namely the Sandsloot, Zwartfontein, Mogalakwena Central and Mogalakwena North pits. The mining method is open-pit truck and shovel, and the current pit depths vary from 110 metres (Mogalakwena North) to 245 metres (Sandsloot). The ore is milled at the new fully operational North Concentrator and at the older South Concentrator. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Mogalakwenas life-of-mine (LoM) extends well beyond 2060. The current LoM plan consists of an Ore Reserve of 89.1 4E million ounces and a Mineral Resource of 171.7 4E million ounces (exclusive of Ore Reserves). Refined platinum output was between 310 koz and 315 koz in 2013. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>13700</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>24/07/2007</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/anglo-american-platinum'>Anglo American Platinum</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/south-africa'><small>South Africa</small></a><br /><a href='/company/potgietersrust-platinum-ltd'>Potgietersrust Platinum Ltd</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>South Africa Human Rights Commission</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Business and Human Rights, Action Aid</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> International ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Mine Blasting</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The plaintiffs alleged that: the Section 21 companies were not independent and under the influence of Anglo Platinum; Anglo Platinum forcibly relocated residents; and individual householders signed relocation agreements under duress. The plaintiffs further alleged that Anglo Platinum did not comply with the terms of the relocation agreement. The court denied the plaintiffs the requested injunction, and the case was dismissed.<br/><br/>However, following a 2008 report published by Action Aid on the situation in Limpopo, the South African Human Rights Commission investigated the human rights impact of Anglo Platinum’s mining activity in region and issued a report late 2008 with recommendations for the company. This investigation was the first time the commission examined the human rights impact of a company’s activities.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> South African Human Rights Commission: [PDF] Mining-related observations and recommendations: Anglo Platinum, affected communities and other stakeholders, in and around the PPL Mine, Limpopo, Nov 2008<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (attached file)<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> All documents are available at:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://goo.gl/broO0" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'SAHRC finding highlights issues of community relocation to make way for mining', Dennis Ndaba, Mining Weekly, 16 Jan 2009<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Platinum miner defends its position on human rights abuse allegations', Darren Parker, Mining Weekly, 5 Dec 2008<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Anglo Plats to meet human rights commission over platinum mine farm relocations', Tessa Kruger, Mineweb, 27 Mar 2008<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'South African Tribe Summonses Anglo Platinum, Others', Chantelle Benjamin, Resource Investor, 27 Jul 2007<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Statement and Demands of the Ga-Puka and Ga-Sekhaoleo (Mohlohlo) Development Committees', Mines and Communities, 11 Jun 2007<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Angloplat faces lawsuit threat over removals', Resource Investor, 29 May 2007<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Anglo Platinum: Anglo Platinum Responds to Resettlement Allegations, 25 Mar 2008<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Action Aid: [PDF] Precious Metal: The impact of Anglo Platinum on poor communities in Limpopo, South Africa, Mar 2008<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Richard Spoor [counsel for plaintiffs]: Action instituted against Anglo Platinum over forced removals at Mohlohlo, Plaintiffs' Press Release, 25 Jul 2007<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Elodie Aba</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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