Ankulapaturu thermal power plant, AP, India

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">VSF Projects Private Ltd (VSFPL) started a Thermal Power Plant in Ankulapaturu village of Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. The installed capacity of the plant is 350 megawatt. The project is located on 1, 200 acres of land. Local villagers along with the organization called Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee (APCLC) were opposing the thermal power project [1]. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The ten villages surrounding the VSFPL site are considered as backward region. Most of the families here are landless Tribal or small farmers belonging to scheduled Caste (SC) and Other Backward Classes (OBC). The site is in the middle of a wetland surrounded by shrimp farms. Close to the site is a large tank spread over about 810 hectares. Residents depend on this tank for their water needs. It provides means of living to many fisher families. Further, there are reserve forests and protected forests within 10 km radius of the site. There has been strong public resistance against coal-based thermal power plants coming up as a cluster in a small area. The place is unique because nowhere in the country there is such a concentration of thermal power projects, and resultant impact on environment is causing concern among the public [3]. Villagers were already suffering with many existing projects in the area which are creating health hazards by violating the Pollution Control Board (PCB) norms. Hundreds of protestors stalled the public hearing programme organized by the Pollution Control Board (PCB) and the V.S.F. Thermal Power Plant. During the protest many people suffered injuries in the melee and the police lathi charge in the public hearing [1, 3]<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Ankulapaturu thermal power plant, AP, India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/india">India</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Andhra Pradesh</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Village Ankulapaturu; District Nellore</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Thermal power plants<br /> Wetlands and coastal zone management<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br /><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The 350 MW coal-fired thermal power plant is being built by VSF Projects Private Ltd (VSFPL). The company is setting up 1x350 MW Super Critical Pulverised Coal fired Thermal Power Plant in its 1st Phase at Ankulapatur Village, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh. The Terms of Reference (TOR) is approved by SEIAA [2]. The plant is one of the 29 proposed coal-based power plants that will cluster the coastal area of Nellore district. All sites are within a radius of 10-20 km from Krishnapatnam Port. It is India’s biggest privately-owned port which became operational in 2008. Eight of these projects have already received environmental clearance from the environment ministry. The remaining 21 projects, including that of VSFPL, are in different stages of getting sanctions. The total capacity of all the plants is 34,000 MW [3]. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>485</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>10,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/m-s-vsf-energy-projects-private-limited'>M/s VSF Energy Projects Private Limited</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a><br /><a href='/company/vsf-projects-limited'>VSF Projects Limited</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Government of Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board, Government of India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Jana Vignana Vedika (JVV), Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee (APCLC), Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India Marxist (M), All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), All India Youth Federation (AIYF), Lawyers Union</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Industrial workers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Ethnically/racially discriminated groups<br /> 0</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Violations of human rights<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> New legislation<br /> Strengthening of participation<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>There has been strong public resistance against coal-based thermal power plants coming up as a cluster in a small area. Even from the point of view of power planning, such large numbers of coal-based projects do not make a sense as the demand pattern of Andhra Pradesh would not be able to absorb it fully [3]</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The protesters were demanding to stop the project as the government sanctioned 28 power projects on the sea coast. In spite of listening their demand police resorted to lathicharge to disperse the mobs. The villagers allege that the project management arranged local goons to prevent entry of locals for the public hearing and the police too colluded with the private goondas and caned the villagers. People are protesting against the police action and demanded the government not to give sanction for the power project in the district [1]<br/><br/>People were not allowed to speak in the public hearing. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) prepared by the company suppresses many facts. Like other Power plants, there will be significant quantities of pollutants will be discharged in the environment. However, the company defended its position saying that the project is not a conventional coal-fired boiler. The project is based on super critical technology where emissions of carbon dioxide other pollutants will be considerably low [3]</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation act (2013)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> [1] Public hearing on power plant stalled<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [3] Public hearing for thermal power plant in Andhra Pradesh turns violent<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ankulapatur power station<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Public hearing for thermal power plant in Andhra Pradesh turns violent<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [2] VFS Project limited<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Swapan Kumar Patra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>20/07/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>