Anti-GMO Struggle, Portugal

A Monsanto plantation in the Algarve region triggered protests against GMOs in Portugal, which finally stopped the project and declared an official GMO-free zone. However, in the rest of the country GMOs are still allowed.


Description

In 2003, a law authorizing the cultivation of certain genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Portugal was passed.

See more...
Basic Data
NameAnti-GMO Struggle, Portugal
CountryPortugal
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Biopiracy and bio-prospection
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
GMOs
Specific CommoditiesGenetically Modified Seeds Gm Maize Mon810
Corn/Maize
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe main variety cultivated is GM maize MON810 (Monsanto) .

– In 2007: 4199 ha of MON 810 out of a total of 116 700 ha of maize 3.6%

– In 2008: 15% increase to 4839 ha
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Populationall the Portuguese citizens
Start Date01/01/1999
Company Names or State EnterprisesMonsanto Corporation (Monsanto Co) from United States of America
Relevant government actorsMinistério da Agricultura, Câmaras Municipais, Associações de Municipios, Direções Regionais de Agricultura, governos regionais
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAutarquias Sem Glifosato

Associação de Agricultura Biológica (Agrobio)

Associação de Defesa do Ambiente (Gê-Questa)

Associação Ecológica Amigos dos Açores

Associação Nacional de Conservação da Natureza (Quercus)

Defesa do Património Cultural e Ambiental do Algarve (ALMARGEM)

Fundo para a Proteção dos Animais Selvagens (FAPAS)

Grupo de Ação e Intervenção Ambiental (GAIA)

Grupo de Estudos de Ordenamento do Território e Ambiente (Geota)

Movimento Pró-Informação para Cidadania e Ambiente

Movimento Verde Eufémia

Liga de Proteção da Natureza (LPN)

Plataforma Transgénicos Fora (PTF)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Boycotts of companies-products
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Air pollution, Genetic contamination, Global warming, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Infectious diseases, Malnutrition, Other environmental related diseases
OtherStudies indicate liver and kidney deficiencies and hormonal deregulation resulting of GMO corn consumption.
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Institutional changes
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesGiving information and to discuss about the implications of production and consumption of GMOs aiming to boycott the non-conscious consumption of GMOs.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Even though it is possible to produce and consume GMOs in Portugal, the pressing movements and protests made possible to have a little more control over what happens or at least more transparency (although it´s still a very closed process).
Sources and Materials
Legislations

regula o cultivo de variedades geneticamente modificadas, visando assegurar a sua coexistência com culturas convencionais e com o modo de produção biológico
[click to view]

Portaria nº 1611/2007 de 20-12-2007. Regula o estabelecimento e zonas livres de transgênicos em Portugal
[click to view]

Decreto-Lei n.72/2003 de 10-04, transpôs a Directiva Europeia n. 2001/18/CE relativa à libertação deliberada no ambiente de organismos geneticamente modificados.
[click to view]

References

VIEIRA, Luís Miguel Teixeira. Dissertação de Mestrado em Cidadania Ambiental E Participação Não-Violência Activa Movimentos Ambientais e a Mobilização Social em Portugal A Não-Violência Activa como Método de Participação Social Ambiental Estudo de Caso–O Caso do Milho Transgénico de Silves. Universidade Aberta, Lisboa, 2011.
[click to view]

Eurobarometer about perception of GMO by the european citizens
[click to view]

USDA Foreign Agricultural Service–Grain Report: Global agriculture information network. Portugal: Biotechnology Annual, 8 Abr. 2013
[click to view]

SILVA, Margarida. Portuguese GMO FREE Coalition. Power Point, 24 Abr. 2009
[click to view]

PRICE Project (Practical

Implementation of Coexistence in Europe), Portugal
[click to view]

PONTE, João André Moniz (2014) A Cadeia de Abastecimento da Broa de Milho em Portugal e a Aplicação das Leis de Coexistência, Dissertação de mestrado em Engenharia Agronómica, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa.
[click to view]

NEW

ARRUDA, Lúcia. Os OGM nos Açores e as contradições a nu. Bloco de Esquerda Açores. Opinião, 21 mai. 2012.
[click to view]

NEW

PTF. Glifosato: O herbicida que contamina Portugal. Plataforma Trasngénicos Fora-PTF, 29 ab. 2016.
[click to view]

NEW

TRANSGÉNICOS FORA. Mapa das explorações agrícolas de transgénicos. Trangénicos Fora, 10 jun. 2016.
[click to view]

NEW

BENTO, Sofia; FERNANDES, Lúcia de Oliveira; SILVA, Lays Helena Paes e; BRÁS, Oriana Rainho. Mobilization against Genetically Modified Organisms in Portugal. Arcadia, Summer 2017, n. 23. Arcadia Collection: Global Environmental Movements. 2017.
[click to view]

Links

AGÊNCIA LUSA. Activistas destroem um hectare de milho transgénico. Jornal Público, 17 Ago. 2007.
[click to view]

GMo free regions - Portugal
[click to view]

News: embaixador norteamericano contesta possivel zona livre de transgenicos nos Açores
[click to view]

Plataforma Transgénicos Fora
[click to view]

NEW

News Article. STOPOGM. Glifosato: o herbicida que contamina Portugal. Stopogm.net. 29 abr. 2016.
[click to view]

NEW

News Article. DIÁRIO LIBERDADE. Portugal adere à marcha global contra Monsanto, 20 mai. 2016.
[click to view]

NEW

News Article. TSF. Governo vai proibir glifosato em espaços públicos. 6 jul 2016.
[click to view]

NEW

TOXIC BIOS. A guerrilla narrative project.
[click to view]

Media Links

Danger of GMO
[click to view]

Movimento Verde Eufemia - GMO mowing Action @ Silves, Portugal
[click to view]

Açores protests
[click to view]

GMO - how to recognize
[click to view]

Silves action
[click to view]

NEW

PAeM – Vídeos sobre o Glifosato
[click to view]

NEW

PAeM – Milho transgênico em Silves, Algarve
[click to view]

NEW

PAeM – Zona Livre dos Transgénico dos Açores
[click to view]

NEW

PAeM – Vídeos sobre Transgénicos em Portugal
[click to view]

Other Documents

[click to view]

[click to view]

REMOVE
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

NEW
[click to view]

Other CommentsThe GPS refers to center Portugal as this case refers to the anti-gmo sttrugle all over the country. Silves action GPS 37.195815 -8.440443
Meta Information
ContributorInês Ribeiro, Lays Silva and Lúcia Fernandes
Last update29/03/2018
Comments