Aranmula greenfield Airport (AGA) project, India

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Aranmula is a village situated in the Pathanamthitta district of kerala. The village is known for its ancient Krishna temple and handicrafts and quite close to famous ‘Sabarimala Temple’. Government has recently announced for an airport, named Aranmula greenfield Airport (AGA). The project, costs about Rs 2,000 crore and will be built by Chennai-based KGS Aranmula international Airport Ltd[1]. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The agitated villagers under the aegis of the People’s Action Council, alleged that the international airport project itself was part of a big land scam and fraud. Mr Varghese alleged that the KGS Group was a Chennai-based real estate company and they are planning to set up the proposed airport converting the bio-diversity-rich Aranmula wetlands which was a sprawling paddy field two decades ago. As many as 150 acres of the Aranmula paddy fields have already been illegally converted in the name of the airport project and there was no question of permitting any more conversion in the area [4]. The proposed airport will wipe out the wetlands and disturb the ecological balance in the region. On 2 April, 2013 the Chennai Bench of the National Green Tribunal issued an order staying the construction of the airport. However, on 30 April, the bench reversed its earlier decision and allowed the stay to be lifted [1]. <br/><br/> Kerala Chief Minister stressed that Kerala government would go ahead with the proposed KGS Aranmula International Airport despite opposition from the Communist Party of India (Marxists) in the Kerala Legislative Assembly [2, 3]<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Aranmula greenfield Airport (AGA) project, India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/india">India</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Kerala</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Aranmula</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Ports and airport projects</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The airport is being built at a cost of Rs.2,000 crore, about 110 km from the state capital on 500 acres of land. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The state government has been given a 10 percent equity stake in the airport. <br/><br/> The runway length of the proposed airport would be 3100 X 45 metres and the terminal building would be designed to handle 1,000 passengers at a time. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>283.28</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>323,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/kgs-group'>KGS group</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a><br /><a href='/company/aranmula-aviation-ltd'>Aranmula Aviation Ltd</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Union Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Home Affairs, Kerala Government</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Aranmula Paithruka Grama Karma Samithi, Communist Party of India (Marxists), People’s Action Council</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Religious groups<br /> Sugathakumari, poet, who hails from Aranmula, joined the agitation and various socio-political and religious leaders aligned with her to launch a mass movement under the banner of the Joint Action Council. V.M. Sudheeran, T.N. Prathapan, V.T. Balaram, Peelipose Thomas and K.K. Royson, Congress leaders, backed the public agitation. Philipose Mar Chrysostum, senior Metropolitan of Mar Thoma Church, Ms. Patkar, and V.R. Krishna Iyer, eminent jurist, backed Sugathakumari’s crusade. The Ecological Concerns Department of the Church of South India launched a campaign of its own against the project. Geevarghese Mar Coorilos Metropolitan of the Jacobite Syrian Church and Swami Golokananda of Sri Ramakrishna Ashram were among those who opposed the project, which require reclamation of paddy fields and razing of hills. Pinarayi Vijayan, V.S. Achuthanandan, Panniyan Raveendran, Mullakkara Ratnakaran, N.K. Premachandran and Benoy Viswom, Left Democratic Front leaders, and V. Muralidharan, BJP State president, addressed various public meetings in protest against the airport project at Aranmula during the past one year.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Strikes<br /> Hunger strikes and self immolation</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> New legislation<br /> Strengthening of participation<br /> Under negotiation<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>0</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>State government decided to go ahead with the project despite opposition from various groups. <br/><br/>People of the region are against the airport project as it will destroy the environment and the Pampa, the lifeline of the Central Travancore region.<br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Acquisition/bill167_20080311167_Legislative_Brief__Land_Acquisition_Bill.pdf<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/Land" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> THE LAND ACQUISITION ACT, 1894<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dolr.nic.in/hyperlink/acq.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Land Acquisition (Amendment) Bill, 2007<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> [1] Green Lights But No Green Norms For Aranmula<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.tehelka.com/green-lights-but-no-green-norms-for-aranmula/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [2] We will build Aranmula airport, says Kerala CM<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.firstpost.com/fwire/we-will-build-aranmula-airport-says-kerala-cm-964893.html?utm_source=ref_article" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [3] LDF walkout over Aranmula airport issue<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.kaumudiglobal.com/innerpage1.php?newsid=32169" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [4] Protest mounting against Aranmula airport project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/protest-mounting-against-aranmula-airport-project/article2701707.ece" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> SAVE ARANMULA<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://savearanmula.blogspot.in/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Protests mount against Aranmula airport plan<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/logistics/protests-mount-against-aranmula-airport-plan/article2796151.ece" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> HC stays construction work at Aranmula airport<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zeenews.india.com/news/kerala/hc-stays-construction-work-at-aranmula-airport_852589.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Village Action Council vows to disrupt Aranmula airport work<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zeenews.india.com/news/kerala/village-action-council-vows-to-disrupt-aranmula-airport-work_823110.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Kerala: Govt to go ahead with Aranmula airport<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zeenews.india.com/news/kerala/kerala-govt-to-go-ahead-with-aranmula-airport_762736.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Protest continue against Keralas fifth airport<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zeenews.india.com/news/kerala/protest-continue-against-kerala-s-fifth-airport_746708.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Congress MLA manhandled by RSS workers<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zeenews.india.com/news/kerala/congress-mla-manhandled-by-rss-workers_865767.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> No To Aranmula International Airport<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://thiruvaranmula.blogspot.in/2013/09/in-aranmula-row-over-airport-project.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> An appeal to support the protest against Aranmula Airport project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.haindavakeralam.com/HKPage.aspx?PageID=17111" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Aranmula cpim protesters [Reporter HD] (In Malayalam) <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KdGtaYxjQfk" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Facts About Aranmula International Airport by Aam Aadmi Party (In Malayalam)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ITsA0UNehlg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Aranmula airport controversy - Big Story [Reporter HD](In Malayalam)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lrZAij81E_E" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Swapan Kumar Patra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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