Atlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline. Virginia, USA

Proposed pipeline through historic Shenandoah Valley meets civil disobedience by local landowners and grassroots climate activists


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In 2015, energy companies across the US Mid-Atlantic region announced plans to build a 550 mile fracked-gas pipeline through the Shenandoah Valley. The pipeline would collect fracked gas from the Marcellus and Utica shale basins in Ohio, Pennslyvania and West Virginia, and transport them for refinement in North Carolina. Companies taking part in the Atlantic Coast Pipeline project include Dominion Power, Duke Energy and Piedmont Natural Gas. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">The pipeline is currently scheduled to go through indigenous and African American burial grounds. <br/><br/>Landownders, local environmental justice organizations, students and indigenous groups have mobilized a network of collective action, as well as organized street demonstrations and blockades. <br/><br/>While mobilization has been coming from local, grassroots coalitions such as Richmond Resistance and Free Nelson, national NGOs such as Food and Water Watch and the Sierra Club have voiced their opposition as well. Activism began in 2015, a train in West Virginia carrying 25 cars of crude oil derailed onto a riverbank and exploded. Hundreds of tons of flaming crude oil were dumped into the river. This industrial spill, which is one of several recent fossil-fuel related accidents in the Appalachia Region, inspired mobilizations for climate justice and divestment from fossil fuels in the region. <br/><br/>On Monday, Feb 23 2015 over 50 people blockaded the entrance to the headquarters of energy company Dominion Power in Richmond, Virginia. Ten individuals were arrested in the action which brought unprecedented media attention to the question of natural gas in the historic Shenandoah Valley. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Atlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline. Virginia, USA </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/united-states-of-america">United States of America </a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Virginia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Shale gas fracking<br /> Oil and gas refining<br /> Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)<br /> Other</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>142,449</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>02/01/2015</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/dominion-resources'>Dominion Resources </a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a> - <small>Principal investor </small><br /><a href='/company/duke-energy'>Duke Energy</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a><br /><a href='/company/piedmont-natural-gas'>Piedmont Natural Gas</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Federal Energy Regulatory Commission</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Richmond Resistance<br/><br/>Free Nelson</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Shareholder/financial activism.<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Occupation of buildings/public spaces</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Global warming</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Criminalization of activists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Climate justice activists are proposing that the State of Virginia divest from fossil fuels. Landowners along the pipeline cooridor are developing a proposal for an alternative route to the pipeline. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Dominion has started surveying land across the pipeline corridor, but construction has yet to begin. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Southern Studies Institute<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.southernstudies.org/2015/01/atlantic-coast-pipeline-meetings-get-underway-amid.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Friends of Nelson<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://friendsofnelson.com/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Richmond Resistance<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.facebook.com/events/301741523362070/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Dominion Headquarters Blockade</strong> Climate justice activists blockade the headquarters of Dominion in Richmond, VA.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/RichmondPCMsitting-300x240.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Eleanor Finley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>09/03/2015</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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