Azura-Edo Independent Power Project Impacts Community People in Edo State, Nigeria

Description

In Nigeria, demand for power outstrips supply. Power supply is not only epileptic — more than half of the population of 170 million lacks access to power.

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Basic Data
NameAzura-Edo Independent Power Project Impacts Community People in Edo State, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceEdo
SiteIhovbor, Orior-Osemwende and Idunmwonwina-Urho Nisen, Uhunmwonde Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project Details102 hectares of land to construct a 450MW Open Cycle Gas Turbine, power station near Benin City in Edo State. It is the first phase of a 1,120MW power plant facility that is targeted to begin producing electricity in early 2017.
Project Area (in hectares)102
Level of Investment (in USD)USD 1,000,000,000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population20,000 - 30,000
Company Names or State EnterprisesAzura Power Holdings from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsEdo State Government

Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC)

Federal Ministry of Power

International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
First City Monument Bank (FCMB) from Nigeria
Standard Chartered Bank from United Kingdom
First Rand Bank (acting through Rand Merchant Bank division) from South Africa
Stanbic IBTC from Nigeria
FMO from Netherlands
FCMB Capital Markets Limited from Nigeria
Corporación financiera internacional,
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesERA/FoEN proposals:

1. Public hearing be conducted on the Azura-Edo IP project to determine its suitability as environmentally compliant project

2. Communities’ prior and informed consent be sought by providing adequate information on the Azura project.

3. The mandatory Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA ) process and the legal requirement of public hearing be conducted with communities representatives and CSOs participation.

4. Any social and environmental impacts including mitigation plans should be disclosed to the host communities.

5. Communities should directly benefit from the project through step-down technology built directly as part of project benefits

6. Immediate re-Valuation to ensure adequate and prompt compensation should be paid to allow for proper resettlement plans

7. Alternatives in renewable energy should be considered as part of the global transition effort from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources to checkmate climate change
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The community people are not adequately informed about the project and their consent is not being sought. There are fears of inadequate compensation and displacement. No proper EIA carried out.
Sources and Materials
References

Environmental Impact Assessment
[click to view]

Links

Field Report #352: AZURA-EDO IP Project Impacts community people
[click to view]

14 banks syndicate $1b for 450mw Azura-Edo power plant
[click to view]

World Bank Group Approves Project Series to Boost Local Power Output in Nigeria
[click to view]

Azura-Edo IPP: A watershed
[click to view]

POWER: KEY GLOBAL FIRMS INVEST $1 BILLION IN 450 MW AZURA-EDO IPP
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorMaria Obaseki, Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria, [email protected]
Last update04/09/2014
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