Baba Dam Project - Los Rios, Ecuador

Description

The construction of the Baba river dam project, in the Ecuadorian region of Los Rios, already approved by the Quito government, will cause the flooding of 3,000 hectares of land in order to feed the Daule Peripa dam. The project approval brought immediate protests from local residents and environmental organizations supporting environmental protection, land rights and the survival of the community, as residents are at risk of displacement and resettlement.

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Basic Data
NameBaba Dam Project - Los Rios, Ecuador
CountryEcuador
ProvinceLos Rios
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project involves the construction of a water diversion channel, 8 km long, and an hydroelectric generating plant, which generates an average of only 80 MW out of its total capacity of 213 MW.

Project Area (in hectares)3000
Level of Investment (in USD)195200000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population30000
Start Date2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesOAS S.A. from Brazil
Hidrolitoral from Ecuador
Hidronacion - (public company). The group formed by Wong, Cartopel, Nirsa, IPAC y Papelera Nacional.
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Ecuador, Ministry of the Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAccion Ecolgica - Ecuador, Coordination for the Defence of Life and Nature in the River Guayas Basin - COORDENAGUA, Bi-provincial Committee against the Baba dam representing 31 communities of the Pichincha and Los Rios regions.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Deaths
Potential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesThe mobilizers dont want the implementation of the project.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The last information about the project signals the intention to carry it out.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Decree N 2174

References

Silenced Rivers - The ecology and politics of large Dams. McCully, Patrick. Zed Books. 2001

Represas. La lucha contra los modernos dinosaurios. World Rainforest Movement. 2003

Links

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Meta Information
ContributorLucie Greyl
Last update08/04/2014
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