Bauxite mining in Juruti, Para, Brazil


The urban population, settlers and riverains of the municipality of Juruti are suffering the social and environmental impacts arising from the installation of a bauxite mining by Omnia Minrios Ltda (Alcoa Alumnio S/A) in the region.

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Basic Data
NameBauxite mining in Juruti, Para, Brazil
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIt is estimated that in the area of the project will extract approximately 280 million tons of bauxite.

Alcoa expects to extract between 6 and 10 million tons of bauxite per year.

Project Area (in hectares)50000
Level of Investment (in USD)350000000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesOmnia Minerios Ltda from Brazil
Alcoa from United States of America
Relevant government actorsMinisterio Publico Estadual - MPE, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociacao das Comunidades da Regiao de Juruti Velho - Acorjuve, Associacao Comunitaria da Gleba Curumucuri
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Potential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The mine is still in operation and the social and environmental impacts of the project have not been mitigated.
Sources and Materials

[click to view]

WANDERLEY, Luiz Jardim de Moraes. Conflitos e impactos ambientais na exploracao dos recursos minerais na Amazonia -

(o artigo integra Dissertacao de Mestrado -UFRJ/2008).


ALMEIDA, Rogrio. Mineracao em Juruti: pressao de camponeses forca negociacao entre a Alcoa, impactados e o Estado (10/02/2009).
[click to view]

Audiencia publica: populacao denuncia contaminacao das aguas pela Alcoa (nota postada em 26/07/2007, mas redigida em 03/05/2007).
[click to view]

GASPAR, Renata. Ministerio Publico pede suspensao de atividades da Alcoa no Para. 04/05/2007. Disponvel em Link: Publico pede suspensao de atividades da Alcoa no Para/10564
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Comunidade bloqueia acesso a Alcoa e MPF/PA pede presenca do governo para discutir reivindicacoes (04/02/2009).
[click to view]

(com fotos).

Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014