Offshore Oil drilling, Belize

In reaction to the government stubbornness, in 2012 a Popular Referendum in Belice said No to the offshore oil drilling!


Description

Since 2010, the government of Belize is granting oil concessions without carrying out any consultation with local communities. An example is the Sarstoon-Temash National Park case, which is affecting Mayan and Garifuna communities.

See more...
Basic Data
NameOffshore Oil drilling, Belize
CountryBelize
Province70 kilometres off the coast of Belize
SiteBlue Hole
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Other
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsOffshore Drilling Concessions in Belice. No more details were fund.
Project Area (in hectares)unknown
Level of Investment (in USD)unknown
Type of PopulationUnknown
Potential Affected Population50,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesPrince Petroleum from United Kingdom - owner
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MNRE), Ministry of Energy, Science and Technology and Public Utilities (MESTPU), Belize National Energy (BNE), Supreme Court, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Civil Aviation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersOCEANA, The Belize Coalition to Save Our National Heritage, Liberty and Action, Environmental Defense Fund (EDF), Citizens Organized for Liberty through Action (COLA),
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Mayan and Garifuna communities
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Referendum other local consultations
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Noise pollution
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Oil spills
OtherPotential: exploratory drilling can introduce mud into ecosystems, while seismic testing can disrupt dolphin communication and foraging via sonar
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Moratoria
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesTo continue with the fishing industry and the tourism industry.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.In 2012 a Popular Referendum in Belice said No to the offshore oil drilling. As well, in 2013 the Supreme Court of Belize ruled that all offshore oil contracts issued are null and void. And there is a moratoria for the offshore drilling.
Sources and Materials
Links

Belize Drops Proposal for Offshore Oil Drilling on World’s Second Largest Barrier Reef
[click to view]

GOVERNMENT OF BELIZE WITHDRAWS APPEAL AGAINST LEGAL RULING THAT OIL CONCESSIONS ARE NULL AND VOID
[click to view]

Petroleum Department’s proposed policy on offshore oil weak on data, details, potential damage
[click to view]

Results Of the People's Referendum Show Belizeans Are Against Offshore Drilling
[click to view]

"People's Referendum" A Success
[click to view]

Over 29,000 vote in Oceana’s Referendum
[click to view]

Offshore drilling moratorium remains, but for how long?
[click to view]

Belize Supreme Court: Belize Gov Offshore Oil Contracts Null And Void
[click to view]

Media Links

Belize: Between Oil and Tourism
[click to view]

Voice of the People (Oil Exploration in Belize Referendum)
[click to view]

Oceana-Belize says continue discussion on offshore oil exploration
[click to view]

OFFSHORE OIL PROTECTING BELIZE’S NATURAL RESOURCES FROM ABUSE
[click to view]

Other Documents

Referendum
[click to view]

Oil and Water don´t Mix Referendum´s day
[click to view]

The Blue Hole
[click to view]

Referendum results
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorGrettel Navas, Fundación Neotrópica
Last update28/07/2015
Comments