Bellavista - Miramar (Costa Rica)

Description
En la provincia de Puntarenas en las afueras de la ciudad de Miramar, se ubica la mina de oro a cielo abierto Bellavista. El Proyecto era de propiedad de la empresa canadiense Wheaton River Minerals (WRM). Esta empresa adquirio la mina en 1997 y recibio el permiso ambiental definitivo a comienzos de 2001 a pesar de la falta de experiencia en mineria tropical.
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Basic Data
NameBellavista - Miramar (Costa Rica)
CountryCosta Rica
ProvincePuntarenas
SiteMiramar
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Specific CommoditiesGold
Silver
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Mina a cielo abierto 350 empleos Reapertura despues de 2007 4.5 millones de toneladas de mena de roca 10.5 millones de toneladas de mena consumo de agua 50 tl/seg.
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Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesGlencair Gold Corporation from Canada
Metales Procesados MRW S.A.
B2 GOLD Corp from Canada
Relevant government actorsDireccion de Geologia y Minas, Secretaria Tecnica Nacional Ambiental, Tribunal Ambiental Administrativo, Ministerio de Ambiente, Energia y Telecomunicaciones, Ministerio de Salud
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFederacion Ecologista y de Conservacion de la Naturaleza (Fecon), Comunidades Ecologistas Usuarias del Golfo de Nicoya, Asociacion Interamericana para la Defensa del Ambiente, Comite Ambiental de Miramar
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
OtherThe mine collapsed
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Colapso del yacimiento
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Luego del deslizamiento que destruyo las instalaciones del proyecto (2007), se ha declarado como no viable su reapertura (2012), sin embargo no hay muestras de que la empresa realice un plan de cierre del mismo
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Decreto Ejecutivo No 35982-MINAET, Moratoria en Mineria (reforma del

resolucion 0126?2012 Setena, para no continuar con el proceso de

evaluacion ambiental y denegar la viabilidad al proyecto Bellavista.

References

Web AIDA

Kioscos Ambientales Universidad de Costa Rica

Periodico septiembre de 2007
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

No a la Mina - enero de 2012

Union Norte por la Vida

Links

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Media Links

- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKYUrIZe0qw
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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez
Last update08/04/2014
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