Bhavanapadu East Coast Energy Private Limited (ECEPL) Thermal Power Plant, AP, India

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Five thermal power projects are proposed to be set up in Srikakulam district. Among the five project, the proposal of three are in preliminary stage, while the construction of Nagarjuna Construction Company and East Coast Energy project with 2640 MW capacity each had started [1]. East Coast Energy Private Ltd’s thermal power plant proposed at Kakarapalli in Srikakulam district is to be developed in two phases with a total generation capacity of 2640 MW.</div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">Each phase is planned with capacity of 1320 MW having two units of 660 MW. It will start power generation by March 2015 [2]. <br/><br/>The project has received approval for clean development mechanism (CDM) from the National CDM Authority of the Ministry of Environment and Forests; the company affirms they are the first independent power producer in South India to do so.<br/><br/>The thermal power sector in Andhra pradesh and elsewhere has been encountering huge problems related to fuel supply, land acquisition, financing, policy hurdles at the State and Central levels and environmental clearance.<br/><br/>There about 63 power plants are coming up in coastal Andhra. This has triggered intense protests and many questions [7]. Srikakulam cannot sustain or support five thermal power plants of the proposed magnitude in a radius of less than 200 km. There are certain guidelines for location of the thermal projects. However, defying all norms industrialists prefer to locate them along the coast. This is because of import of coal from countries like Indonesia will be cheaper in this route. This is quality coal and the ash content ranges from 10 to 12 per cent as compared to indigenous coal’s 30 per cent. However guidelines prohibit location of plants near breeding, nesting and fish nurseries because it will disturb the breeding and nesting of marine and freshwater fishes [1]. <br/><br/>The Business Line of The Hindu says: "Another issue plaguing the sector but that was not being taken into account by the planners was the decommissioning of projects that have outlived their shelf life of 25-30 years. Though these projects continue to generate power even today, the issue is at what cost?"[2]. This is in fact one of the main arguments in favor of new "critical technology" thermal power plants; their alleged capacity of cutting CO2 emissions is the main reason for them to benefit from the CDMs. <br/><br/>But environmental issues are quite severe. The Naupada swamps in this part of the state have been acknowledged as a fragile wetland area. The company, however, has been granted the necessary environmental clearances by the government. Environmentalists allege that the permissions have been bought [4]. <br/><br/>According to the Argumentative Indian, one of the members of the board of directors of the promoting companies is Mr. A. Balraj, who is a retired IAS officer and the chairman of the Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) which recommended the environmental clearance for the thermal power plant in Kakarapalli [8].<br/><br/>The project faced a lot of opposition from the local people and environmental activists. They fear that environmental pollution would leave the area uninhabitable [2]. The proposed project faced strong opposition from the people, mostly fishermen, living along the coast. They expressed serious concern over the health hazards. They also afraid that the effluents from project will affect the fish catch in the sea and ultimately their livelihood [1]. <br/><br/>The Srikakulam district administration called two meetings of all stakeholders to get their views. People expressed their strong opposition from the fishermen community, as also some NGOs and environmental activists [1]. The agitation against the project had led to delays in its execution [2]. <br/><br/>In February 2011, work has been suspended after a police firing, as locals opposed the construction of the plant in Santabommali mandal. However, the company got the nod from the Union government in April 2 to recommence work. At least two people were killed and several injured [3]. Even after that, the police reportedly opened fire on the protesting mobs [4].<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Bhavanapadu East Coast Energy Private Limited (ECEPL) Thermal Power Plant, AP, India</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/india">India</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Andhra Pradesh</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Village - Kakarapalli; Mandal - Santhabommali; District- Srikakulam</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Thermal power plants<br /> REDD/CDM<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br /><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The current project cost was Rs 6,571 crore, with a debt/equity ratio of 3:1. The plant is to be developed in two phases. The estimated total generation capacity of the project is 2640 MW. Each phase is planned with capacity of 1320 MW having two units of 660 MW. Site location, planning and all statutory approvals have been obtained [5]. The company had finalized a long-term power supply agreement with the AP Government for 300 MW at Rs 2.97 per unit during the first full year of operations and over the next 25 years in accordance with the PPA [2].</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>1,095,680,776 (Rs 6,571 crore)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/east-coast-energy-private-limited'>East Coast Energy Private Limited <small>(ECEPL)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/india'><small>India</small></a> - <small>Executor </small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Andhra Pradesh Government, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board<br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Paryavarana Parirakshana Samithi (PPS), Telegu Desham Party (TDP)<br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Property damage/arson<br /> Strikes</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Violations of human rights, Militarization and increased police presence<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Increase in violence and crime, Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Under construction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Institutional changes<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Activists have demanded the cancellation of the project. They will continue the agitations till the government cancel the environmental clearance. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The company is planning to accelerate the execution and want to commence generation by March 2015.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> [1] Srikakulam cannot sustain five thermal power plants: expert<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [2] East Coast Energy to set up 1,320 MW plant in Srikakulam<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [3] Andhra villagers protest against thermal power plant, 2 killed<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [4] 2 Killed in protests in Andhra's Srikakulam<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [5] East Coast Energy Pvt Ltd<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [6] Bandh against thermal power plants in Srikakulam district<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [7] Yes, let there be light. But no pain<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [8] The Argumentative Indian<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Protests restart against Thermal Power Plant in Srikakulam (In Telegu)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Telugu News - Excited Climate At Thermal Power Plant In Srikakulam (TV5) (In Telegu)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Villagers protesting against an under construction thermal power plant in Srikakulam District of Andhra Pradesh Read more at:</strong> Source:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Swapan Kumar Patra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>09/05/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>