Bhavanapadu and Kakarapalli ECEPL Coal Fired Power Plant, AP, India

After a long struggle and some deaths, in 2017 it was announced that work had stopped at Kakarapalli CFPP. Like in Sompeta (also in coastal AP), a success for environmental justice.


Description

Five thermal power projects are proposed to be set up in Srikakulam district. Among the five projects, the proposal of three are in preliminary stage, while the construction of Nagarjuna Construction Company (Sompeta) and East Coast Energy project with 2640 MW capacity each had started [1]. East Coast Energy Private Ltd’s thermal power plant proposed at Kakarapalli in Srikakulam district is to be developed in two phases with a total generation capacity of 2640 MW. Each phase is planned with capacity of 1320 MW having two units of 660 MW. It should have started power generation by March 2015 [2]. The project has received approval for clean development mechanism (CDM) from the National CDM Authority of the Ministry of Environment and Forests; the company affirms they are the first independent power producer in South India to do so.

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Basic Data
NameBhavanapadu and Kakarapalli ECEPL Coal Fired Power Plant, AP, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
SiteVillage - Kakarapalli; Mandal - Santhabommali; District- Srikakulam
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
REDD/CDM
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe current project cost was Rs 6,571 crore, with a debt/equity ratio of 3:1. The plant is to be developed in two phases. The estimated total generation capacity of the project is 2640 MW. Each phase is planned with capacity of 1320 MW having two units of 660 MW. Site location, planning and all statutory approvals have been obtained [5]. The company had finalized a long-term power supply agreement with the AP Government for 300 MW at Rs 2.97 per unit during the first full year of operations and over the next 25 years in accordance with the PPA [2].

As reported in [9], March 2011, "at least two people were killed and several injured when police fired on a mob protesting a controversial thermal power plant at Kakarapalli area in Andhra Pradesh's Srikakulam district ... While Nagarjuna is setting up a 2,640 megawatt coal-based power plant in Sompeta Mandal, East Coast Energy is setting up a similar plant in Kakarapalli."
Level of Investment (in USD)1,095,680,776 (Rs 6,571 crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesEast Coast Energy Private Limited (ECEPL) from India - Executor
Relevant government actorsAndhra Pradesh Government, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersParyavarana Parirakshana Samithi (PPS).

Telegu Desham Party (TDP)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Air pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other Health impacts
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts, Increase in violence and crime
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Deaths
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Negotiated alternative solution
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Development of AlternativesActivists demanded the cancellation of the project. They continue the agitations till the government cancel the environmental clearance.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The company was planning to accelerate the execution and want to commence generation by March 2015. However, in August 2017 it was announced that East Coast Energy Private Limited has stopped works of Kakarapalli power plant. Like in Sompeta (also in coastal AP), a success for environmental justice.
Sources and Materials
Links

[1] Srikakulam cannot sustain five thermal power plants: expert
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[2] East Coast Energy to set up 1,320 MW plant in Srikakulam
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[3] Andhra villagers protest against thermal power plant, 2 killed
[click to view]

[4] 2 Killed in protests in Andhra's Srikakulam
[click to view]

[5] East Coast Energy Pvt Ltd
[click to view]

[6] Bandh against thermal power plants in Srikakulam district
[click to view]

[7] Yes, let there be light. But no pain
[click to view]

[8] The Argumentative Indian
[click to view]

Media Links

Protests restart against Thermal Power Plant in Srikakulam (In Telegu)
[click to view]

Telugu News - Excited Climate At Thermal Power Plant In Srikakulam (TV5) (In Telegu)
[click to view]

[9] Andhra villagers protest against thermal power plant, 2 killed. At least people were killed and several injured when police fired on a mob protesting a controversial thermal power plant at Kakarapalli area in Andhra Pradesh's Srikakulam district on Monday. Mridula Chanduri. Hyderabad, March 1, 2011
[click to view]

Other Documents

Coal Fired Power Plants proposed for Andhra Pradesh
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Other CommentsSee references for period 2011 to 2017 in section Sources of Conflict (UPDATE).
Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra and Brototi Roy
Last update05/01/2018
Comments