Bhavanapadu East Coast Energy Private Limited (ECEPL) Thermal Power Plant, AP, India


Five thermal power projects are proposed to be set up in Srikakulam district.

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Basic Data
NameBhavanapadu East Coast Energy Private Limited (ECEPL) Thermal Power Plant, AP, India
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
SiteVillage - Kakarapalli; Mandal - Santhabommali; District- Srikakulam
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe current project cost was Rs 6,571 crore, with a debt/equity ratio of 3:1. The plant is to be developed in two phases. The estimated total generation capacity of the project is 2640 MW. Each phase is planned with capacity of 1320 MW having two units of 660 MW. Site location, planning and all statutory approvals have been obtained [5]. The company had finalized a long-term power supply agreement with the AP Government for 300 MW at Rs 2.97 per unit during the first full year of operations and over the next 25 years in accordance with the PPA [2].
Level of Investment (in USD)1,095,680,776 (Rs 6,571 crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesEast Coast Energy Private Limited (ECEPL) from India - Executor
Relevant government actorsAndhra Pradesh Government, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersParyavarana Parirakshana Samithi (PPS), Telegu Desham Party (TDP)

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Increase in violence and crime, Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Negotiated alternative solution
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesActivists have demanded the cancellation of the project. They will continue the agitations till the government cancel the environmental clearance.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The company is planning to accelerate the execution and want to commence generation by March 2015.
Sources and Materials

[1] Srikakulam cannot sustain five thermal power plants: expert
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[2] East Coast Energy to set up 1,320 MW plant in Srikakulam
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[3] Andhra villagers protest against thermal power plant, 2 killed
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[4] 2 Killed in protests in Andhra's Srikakulam
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[5] East Coast Energy Pvt Ltd
[click to view]

[6] Bandh against thermal power plants in Srikakulam district
[click to view]

[7] Yes, let there be light. But no pain
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[8] The Argumentative Indian
[click to view]

Media Links

Protests restart against Thermal Power Plant in Srikakulam (In Telegu)
[click to view]

Telugu News - Excited Climate At Thermal Power Plant In Srikakulam (TV5) (In Telegu)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Villagers protesting against an under construction thermal power plant in Srikakulam District of Andhra Pradesh Read more at: Source:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update09/05/2014