Bhushan Power and Steel Limited, Jharkhand, India

Description

Bhushan Steel and Power Limited signed a MoU with the Jharkhand government on 7 September, 2006 for establishing an integrated steel plant of 3 Mt. This project includes a 900 MW captive power plant. The estimated cost of the project was 10,500 crore. The plant was inaugurated on May 16, 2010 [1, 2].

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Basic Data
NameBhushan Power and Steel Limited, Jharkhand, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceJharkhand
SiteVillage- Potka, District- East Singhbhum
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Manufacturing activities
Mineral processing
Specific CommoditiesLand
Coal
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsBhushan Power and Steel Limited planned a steel and power plant project in village - Potka District - East Singhbhum, Jharkhand. The estimated initial investment of the project was Rs 10,500 crore. For the project and also for other purpose, like housing and other infrastructure, the company requires about 3,200 acres of land, of which 2,792 acres would be provided by the state government and rest other will acquire by the company directly from the land owners. The plant will get water from Subernarekha and Kharkai and power from NTPC’s Ramchandrapur-grid at Gamharia located at Seraikela-Kharsawan district. Once completed, the plant will produce about three million tonne per annum (MTPA) steel and a 900MW power for its own plant. According to the company source, the plant will generate direct employment to over 10,000 people. Beside this the company will also train about 150 local youths for work in the company. The company claimed that once it start the steel plant will follow all pollution control standards and norms [5].
Project Area (in hectares)1295
Level of Investment (in USD)1,784,051,174 (Rs 10,500 crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date07/09/2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesBhushan Power and Steel Limited from India - Owner
Relevant government actorsJharkhand State Pollution Control Board (JSPCB), Government of Jharkhand

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersVisthapan Virodhi Ekta Manch (Unity Forum Against Displacement), ToxicsWatch Alliance (TWA), Bhumi Raksha Vahini Kisan Morcha, Various Gram Sabha (Village Committees)

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Land occupation
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Violations of human rights, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesThe protestors demanded the cancellation of public hearing and also the scrapping of the project. The proposed project area is a tribal area and fall under the 5th Schedule of Indian Constitution. The area also falls under the provision of CNT Act (Chotanagpur Tenancy Act). So any land transfer to nontribal is illegal. Hence the project is a clear violation of rules [2].
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Local tribal population (adivasis) and others are now struggling to save their land, water and culture. The protesting masses have found that government officials have become corrupt and are in favor of the establishment of the plant by the company. Government officials are not listening their grievances. Some of the village heads are also in favor of plant because they are bribed. This left villager to deal with the situation in their own [4].
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Chotanagpur Tenancy Act
[click to view]

FIFTH SCHEDULE [Article 244(1)]

Provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes
[click to view]

Links

[1] Potka, Jharkhand: Another Bloodbath is on the Way
[click to view]

[2] Iillegal public hearing on Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd project at Jharkhand’s Potka, East Singbhum stopped by villagers
[click to view]

[3] Chotanagpur Tenancy Act: What next
[click to view]

[4] A Struggle to Save Their Land, Water and Culture Adivasis Impose Janta Curfew
[click to view]

[5] Rs 10500cr fillip for Potka
[click to view]

Public Hearing on Sept 24 in Potka, East Singhbhum, Jharkhand
[click to view]

Media Links

Public Hearing of Bhushan Steel Plant, East Singbhum, Jharkhand
[click to view]

Other Documents

A Struggle to Save Their Land, Water and Culture Adivasis Impose Janta Curfew Source : http://www.eng.chauthiduniya.com/a-struggle-to-save-their-land-water-and-culture-adivasis-impose-janta-curfew/#sthash.xF6DCZ3A.dpuf
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update30/05/2014
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