Biofuel company likely to lose its licence in Nacala, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The Mozambican authorities are considering stripping the company Aviam Ltd of its licence to plant the shrub jatropha in the district of Nacala-a-Velha, as the company is not respecting the agreed timetable for implementing the project. Aviams supposed lack of seriousness had been denounced to Nampula provincial governor by the people. Initially, Aviam had employed 158 local peasants, but subsequently that number has fallen to around 50. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Biofuel company likely to lose its licence in Nacala, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Nampula</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Nacala-Velha</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Agro-fuels and biomass energy plants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/jatropha'>Jatropha</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Aviam is a joint venture formed by Italian and Mozambican interests. It had pledged to invest 20 million US dollars in the jatropha plantation, which would then produce biofuels. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>10000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>20000000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2008</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/aviam'>AVIAM</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/italy'><small>Italy</small></a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>LATENT (no visible resistance)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Informal workers<br /> Local government/political parties</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Denouncements</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Jatropha is a commodity that competes with food crops. The production of jatropha damages the soil, consumes water and thus damage the environment. In addition, biofuels are not a sustainable solution to the energy and climate crisis.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Aviam Webpage <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.aviam.it/eng/mozambico.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Zimbabwean<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.thezimbabwean.co.uk/news/africa/59681/biofuel-company-likely-to-lose.html?utm_source=thezimandutm_medium=homepageandutm_campaign=latestarticles" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Boaventura Monjane</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>07/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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