BT Kemi, Teckomatorp, Skåne, Sweden

Description

In 1964/65, the chemical company Bönnelyche & Thuröe AB, later called BT Kemi, moved from its location in the city of Malmö to the small community of Teckomatorp in Skåne. The company opened up their factory, where they produced a pesticide known as hormoslyr (same chemical as Agent Orange). It did not take long until the people living in Teckomatorp started to feel the effects of the factory. Allergies and miscarriages are a few of the effects the pollution from the factory had on the people, and gardeners experienced that their plants died.

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Basic Data
NameBT Kemi, Teckomatorp, Skåne, Sweden
CountrySweden
ProvinceSkåne
SiteTeckomatorp
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Manufacturing activities
Agro-toxics
Chemical industries
Specific CommoditiesIndustrial waste
Pesticides
Manufactured Products
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe total number of excavated barrells of toxic waste from the factory was 800. The barrells contained, among other things, the highly toxic chemical called dinoseb. During the sanitation work that took place in 2007-2009, 80,000 tonnes of toxic soil was removed and as of today, a major part of the area still needs to be sanitized.

Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1,100
Start Date10/1974
Company Names or State EnterprisesBT Kemi from Sweden - Earlier Bönnelyche & Thuröe AB
Kemisk Værk Køge A/S from Denmark - owned BT Kemi from 1971. Kemisk Værk Køge A/S is today owned by U.S. company Sun Chemical
Relevant government actorsSvalöv Municipality , Licensing Board , The County Administrative Board , Health and Social Welfare Board
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMiljöcentrum: founded in 1971 and their first case became to defend people against BT Kemi, http://www.miljocentrum.se/
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
OtherMiscarriages, allergies
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
New legislation
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Even though the chemical factory BT Kemi was shut down, the area where the factory was located before it was demolished is heavily polluted, thus still being an uncertain threat to the health of the inhabitants and future generations of Teckomatorp. The sanitation work of the area is ongoing and will hopefully be completed by 2018, to a total cost of over 500 million SEK (~$76 million). Only a few people received compensation for their loss. (1, 6)
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Miljöbalken 1998:808,
[click to view]

Links

(1) BT Kemiskandalen, P3 Dokumentär (Radio Documentary),
[click to view]

(2) Spåren av giftet har aldrig försvunnig, Kvällsposten, 2012-11-10,
[click to view]

(3) Miljöskandalen i Teckomatorp BT Kemi,
[click to view]

(4) 36 år sedan BT Kemi-skandalen i Teckomatorp, På Väg, 2011-10-26,
[click to view]

(6) Fem år kvar av Sveriges största miljöskandal, Ny Teknik, 2013-10-20,
[click to view]

(7) Kampen mot BT Kemi, Dagens Nyheter, 2008-03-21,
[click to view]

Media Links

Växtgiftskandalen i Teckomatorp,
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLinda Dubec
Last update26/06/2014
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