BT Kemi, Teckomatorp, Skåne, Sweden

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In 1964/65, the chemical company Bönnelyche & Thuröe AB, later called BT Kemi, moved from its location in the city of Malmö to the small community of Teckomatorp in Skåne. The company opened up their factory, where they produced a pesticide known as hormoslyr (same chemical as Agent Orange). It did not take long until the people living in Teckomatorp started to feel the effects of the factory. Allergies and miscarriages are a few of the effects the pollution from the factory had on the people, and gardeners experienced that their plants died. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> A long turbulent process, involving public meetings, lawsuits, and the failure of authorities to follow environmental and regulatory laws took place. People living in Teckomatorp, together with an EJO from Uppsala called Miljöcentrum tried to prove how the factory was polluting and dumping toxic waste illegally by burying barrels of chemical waste in the ground around the factory and dumping it at night outside the village. <br/><br/> The authorities refused to listen but instead believed the company whose executives among other things ordered false test results that would let the authorities believe there was nothing wrong with the waste from the production. It was not until 400 barrels of highly toxic waste was found in 1977 that the factory was shut down in 1978. The sanitation work after this environmental disaster is still ongoing. (1-7) Its difficult to assess the number of people affected by this illegal activity; inhabitants in Teckomatorp at the time were 1,100. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>BT Kemi, Teckomatorp, Skåne, Sweden</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/sweden">Sweden</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Skåne</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Teckomatorp</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Waste Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites<br /> Manufacturing activities<br /> Agro-toxics<br /> Chemical industries</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/industrial-waste'>Industrial waste</a><br /><a href='/commodity/pesticides'>Pesticides</a><br /><a href='/commodity/manufactured-products'>Manufactured Products</a><br /><a href='/commodity/chemical-products'>Chemical products</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The total number of excavated barrells of toxic waste from the factory was 800. The barrells contained, among other things, the highly toxic chemical called dinoseb. During the sanitation work that took place in 2007-2009, 80,000 tonnes of toxic soil was removed and as of today, a major part of the area still needs to be sanitized. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>1,100</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>10/1974</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/bt-kemi'>BT Kemi</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/sweden'><small>Sweden</small></a> - <small> Earlier Bönnelyche & Thuröe AB</small><br /><a href='/company/kemisk-vaerk-koge-a-s'>Kemisk Værk Køge A/S</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/denmark'><small>Denmark</small></a> - <small> owned BT Kemi from 1971. Kemisk Værk Køge A/S is today owned by U.S. company Sun Chemical</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Svalöv Municipality , Licensing Board , The County Administrative Board , Health and Social Welfare Board </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Miljöcentrum: founded in 1971 and their first case became to defend people against BT Kemi, http://www.miljocentrum.se/</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Miscarriages, allergies</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Institutional changes<br /> Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> New legislation<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Even though the chemical factory BT Kemi was shut down, the area where the factory was located before it was demolished is heavily polluted, thus still being an uncertain threat to the health of the inhabitants and future generations of Teckomatorp. The sanitation work of the area is ongoing and will hopefully be completed by 2018, to a total cost of over 500 million SEK (~$76 million). Only a few people received compensation for their loss. (1, 6)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Miljöbalken 1998:808, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.notisum.se/rnp/sls/lag/19980808.HTM" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> (1) BT Kemiskandalen, P3 Dokumentär (Radio Documentary), <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sverigesradio.se/sida/avsnitt/83906?programid=2519" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (2) Spåren av giftet har aldrig försvunnig, Kvällsposten, 2012-11-10, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.expressen.se/kvp/sparen-av-giftet-har-aldrig-forsvunnit/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (3) Miljöskandalen i Teckomatorp BT Kemi, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.saxan-braan.se/history/btkemi.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (4) 36 år sedan BT Kemi-skandalen i Teckomatorp, På Väg, 2011-10-26, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pavag.nu/8/nyheter/artiklar/2011-09-26-36-ar-sedan-bt-kemi--skandalen-i-teckomatorp.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (6) Fem år kvar av Sveriges största miljöskandal, Ny Teknik, 2013-10-20, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.nyteknik.se/nyheter/energi_miljo/miljo/article3779532.ece" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> (7) Kampen mot BT Kemi, Dagens Nyheter, 2008-03-21, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.dn.se/nyheter/sverige/kampen-mot-bt-kemi/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Växtgiftskandalen i Teckomatorp, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.expressen.se/kvp/vaxtgiftskandalen-i-teckomatorp/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Linda Dubec</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>26/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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