Urraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">On 11/03/2011, the Company Trofagas Hidrocarburos (now BNK Petroleum Inc.) was granted a licence for study the feasibility of a proposed fracking for a period of six years through the so-called Urraca Licence (BOE 11/03/2011). </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">BNK Petroleum Inc. is a private company of site in Camarillo (California) within the Ministry of Industry of the Government of Spain. <br/><br/>The license involves territories in Euskadi and Castilla y León, affecting a total of 95,000 hectares. <br/><br/>The Garoña Nuclear Power Plant (43 years old) has placed near the 12 Urraca wells (20 km. ) .<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Urraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/spain">Spain</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Burgos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Medina de Pomar</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Shale gas fracking</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/water'>Water</a><br /><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a><br />Shale gas and oil<br /><a href='/commodity/chemical-products'>Chemical products</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td> 94,815</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>20,000,000.00</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>20,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/bnk-petroleum-inc'>BNK Petroleum Inc. <small>(BKX.TO)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Junta de Castilla y León<br/><br/>Ministerio de Industria, Energia y Turismo<br/><br/>Gobierno Vasco</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Ecologistas en Acción<br/><br/>Greenpeace España<br/><br/>Amigos de la Tierra<br/><br/>Eguzki<br/><br/>http://ecologistasenaccion.org/article29977.html</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Artisanal miners<br /> Recreational users<br /> Farmers<br /> Social movements<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Trade unions<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Women<br /> Informal workers</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Arguments for the rights of mother nature</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Other Environmental impacts<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Global warming, Desertification/Drought, Fires, Genetic contamination, Waste overflow, Oil spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>induce earthquakes, affect Garoña Nuclear Power Plant</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>losses for the rural comunity and his economy</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Corruption<br /> Criminalization of activists<br /> Institutional changes<br /> Land demarcation<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> New legislation<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Hydraulic Fracturing reports<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.scoop.it/t/estudios-informes-y-reportajes-sobre-los-peligros-de-la-fractura-hidraulica-fracking/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Asamblea contra el fracking de la provincia de Burgos , Spain<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://fracturahidraulicaenburgosno.com" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Un centenar de organizaciones de todo el mundo contra BNK Petroleum<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://fracturahidraulicaenburgosno.com/un-centenar-de-organizaciones-de-todo-el-mundo-contra-bnk-petroleum/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Source: http://burgosconecta.es/2015/03/11/salen-a-informacion-publica-los-proyectos-de-exploracion-de-bnk-en-urraca/<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Urraca.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Asamblea contra el Fracking de Las Merindades (Burgos), [email protected] </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>25/09/2015</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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