Cananea mine, Mexico

Description
Es famosa en la historia de Mexico la huelga de la minera Cananea y la masacre de 1906, antes de la Revolución de 1910. En época reciente, Sonora es el principal estado minero de Mexico, con las dos minas mas importantes de produccion de cobre en Cananea y Nacozari, esto ha dado lugar a grandes pasivos ambientales, el rio San Pedro en la Frontera entre Sonora y Arizona esta severamente contaminado con metales pesados que provienen de Cananea.
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Basic Data
NameCananea mine, Mexico
CountryMexico
ProvinceSonora
SiteCananea
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral processing
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
mina a cielo abierto en septiembre de 20011 produjo un total de 32 mil 436 toneladas, la cifra mensual mas alta desde diciembre de 1999, de acuerdo con cifras de INEGI.
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Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesGrupo Mexico from Mexico
Southern Peru Copper Corporation (SPPC) from Mexico
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSindicato Minero Nacional (Local 65), Universidad de Sonora, Secretaria del Trabajo
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingIndustrial workers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Strikes
Threats to use arms
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesReparations for environmental liabilities, damage to health, strikes by workers. This is a case of working class environmentalism.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.El proyecto continua en operacion pese a la movilizacion de los afectados y la clausura durante tres años a partir de 2007.
Sources and Materials
References

La Jornada, 13.11.2007

Democrata del Norte de Mexico, 10.08.2008

Links

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Other CommentsWith acknowledgement to Research Group investigating Mining Landscapes in Mexico, Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, Morelia's campus.

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez & JMA
Last update08/04/2014
Comments