Capulalpam de Mendez contra Natividad, Oaxaca

Description
La comunidad de Capulalpam de Mendez en el municipio de Ixtlan en la Sierra Norte de Oaxaca (conocida tambien como Sierra de Juarez) en territorio Zapoteca, reclama que ilegalmente fueron entregadas concesiones a la empresa Natividad, una mina que existe desde 1775 y que estuvo paralizada desde 1990 hasta que en 2002 Continnum Resources recibio 50 000 ha. de concesiones.
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Basic Data
NameCapulalpam de Mendez contra Natividad, Oaxaca
CountryMexico
ProvinceOaxaca
SiteIxtlan
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesGold
Silver
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
mina subterranea aproximadamente 1.200 metros de longitud de perforacion.
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Project Area (in hectares)54653
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesContinuum Resources
Sundance Minerals Ltd. of Vancouver
Relevant government actorsMunicipio de Capulalpam de Mendez, Procuraduria Federal de Proteccion al Ambiente, PROFEPA, CONAGUA, Comision Permanente del Congreso de la Union
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersColectivo Oaxaqueño en Defensa de los Territorios, Servicios para una Educacion Alternativa EDUCA A.C., Servicios del Pueblo Mixe SerMixe A.C., Centro de Derechos Indigenas Flor y Canto A.C., Union de Organizaciones de la Sierra Juarez de Oaxaca A.C., Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropologia Social CIESAS, Departamento de Geologia, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Apelacion al Congreso de la Union Convenio 169 Declaracion como Pueblo Mágico para el turismo
Development of Alternatives- Manifiesto Capulalpam http://www.capulalpam.mx/no-a-la-minera-natividad/
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.La presion de la protesta social logro que se clausure temporalmente la

mina y por tanto la empresa Sundance de Vancouver, Canada no ha sido capaz de reanudar la

explotacion hasta 2013, ha habido varias apelaciones legales incluyendo

el convenio 169 de la OIT
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
[click to view]

DICTAMEN CON PUNTO DE ACUERDO RELACIONADOCON LAS ACTIVIDADES MINERAS EN LA COMUNIDAD DECAPULALPAM DE MÉNDEZ, OAXACA.
[click to view]

TERCERA COMISIÓN DE TRABAJO DE HACIENDA Y CRÉDITO PÚBLICO, AGRICULTURA Y FOMENTO,COMUNICACIONES Y OBRAS PÚBLICAS.

Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente, LEGEPA, 2005 /

Ley inversión extranjera, 2001/ Ley Minera, 2006 / Reglamento de la Ley de Inversión Extranjera, 1998

Convention 169 of the ILO

References

[click to view]

Periodico La Jornada, Calpulalpam de Mendez contra la explotacion minera, 5 de mayo de 2001.

Links

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL
[click to view]

Villa de Capulalpam de Mendez
[click to view]

Blog Sipaz
[click to view]

No a la Mina
[click to view]

Sundance Minerals Ltda.
[click to view]

[click to view]

La vida o la mina
[click to view]

Conflicto Mineros
[click to view]

Media Links

Pictures of environmental impacts:
[click to view]

Other CommentsWith acknowledgement to

Research Group investigating Mining Landscapes in Mexico, Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM, Morelia's campus.

[email protected]
Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez & JMA & Paisajes Mineros
Last update08/04/2014
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