Carmen de Andacollo - Andacollo Gold, Chile

Description

En la Region de Coquimbo, a una altura de 1.000 m.s.n.m. a unos 350 kilometros al norte de Santiago, y al sur del desierto de Atacama, se encuentran las minas Carmen de Andacollo (Teck tiene una participacion del 90% en la mina y Empresa Nacional de Minera tiene el restante 10%) y Andacollo Gold (Dayton en operacion desde 1990), la cual ha recibido denuncias de contaminacion de agua y del aire.

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Basic Data
NameCarmen de Andacollo - Andacollo Gold, Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceCoquimbo
SiteAndacollo
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesGold
Copper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsDemanda de agua 340 lt/seg.

429 millones de ton con una ley equivalente de 0,41% (0,39% de cobre y 0,13 g/ton de oro) Ano de termino del proyecto 2030
Project Area (in hectares)2100
Level of Investment (in USD)300000000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population10000
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesDayton from Canada
Teck Resources Limited from Canada
Relevant government actorsEmpresa Sanitaria Aguas del Valle, Municipalidad de Pan de Azucar, Direccion Regional de Conama
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAgrupacion para el Control del Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Comunal
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents
OtherEl año 2004 el departamento de Estadísticas e Información en Salud (EIS) del

ministerio de Salud, a partir de un estudio sobre la mortalidad en el país, arrojó que las enfermedades respiratorias poseían un 19% de mortalidad en Andacollo, muy próxima a doblar el 10% de la misma afección como causante de muertes a nivel nacional.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Con la resistencia a la contaminacion, por parte de los pobladores se ha conseguido que se implementen planes de mitigacion, sin embargo, la continuidad en las operaciones de las minas hacen que la poblacion se encuentre en una permanente y delicada situacion
Sources and Materials
References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Web Teck

Peoples World Peace Project

Periodico digital Semanario Tiempo

Links

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Site/Diversified Mining Pages/Copper Pages/Andacollo&portalName=tc
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OCMAL
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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
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