Center Parcs dans la foret de Chambaran, Roybon

La fôret de Chambaran est devenue le troisième lieu en France occupé par des zadistes. Ensemble avec des associations locales, ils s'opposent au projet Center Parcs, un complexe touristique énergivore et qui construit une nature artificielle.


Description
ENGLISH SUMMARY of the case
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Basic Data
NameCenter Parcs dans la foret de Chambaran, Roybon
CountryFrance
ProvinceAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
SiteRoybon
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The project expands over 200 ha., the recreational center would gather 1 000 cottages and a "tropical bubble" (pools complex) heated to 29ºC.
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Project Area (in hectares)200
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/08/2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesPierre & Vacances from Netherlands
Relevant government actorsLa préfecture de Grenoble, Office National des forets, Mairie de Roybon
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFédération Rhône-Alpes de protection de la nature (Frapna), Association Pour les Chambaran sans Center Parcs (PCSCP), Fédération de la Drôme pour la pêche et la protection du milieu aquatique, Quelques opposants à Center Parcs (QoCP)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Zadistes, young environmental activists not necessarily from the area
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Mobilization through the "zadiste" network
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Otherwetzone under threat
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (undecided)
Project temporarily suspended
Division of Roybon inhabitants, fracture and no dialogue between the two positions.
Development of AlternativesInvestir l'argent public pour le soutien de projets de tourisme et d'agriculture durables. La fin de projets touristiques énergivores [3].

Invest public money in sustainable touristic projects and in sustainable farming. A ban on energy demanding tourism related infrastructure and projects. [3]
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.La décision en appel sera prise en 2016. Le risque est grand que le projet soit accepté si P&V proposent un nouveau plan de compensation satisfaisant pour les zones humides détruites dans la forêt de Chambaran.

High risk that the project will be accepted in 2016 if the compensatory plan for the wet zones destroyed in Chambaran forest is satisfactory according to the judges.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Amendement de la loi Censi-Bouvard, 2016 qui défiscalise les residences service (pas passée devant la commission des finances de l'Assemblée Nationale)

Loi sur l'eau 2006

References

Enquête publique « loi sur l’eau » relative auprojet d’implantation d’un Center Parcs à Roybon (Isère), Grenoble, Juillet 2014
[click to view]

Links

A Roybon, la guerre d'usure entre les partisans et les opposants au projet de Center Par, Le Monde, 06/12/2014
[click to view]

Frapna Drôme
[click to view]

Center Parcs de Roybon : élus, zadistes, écolos... qui veut quoi ?, L. Maurice, Nouvel Obs, 03/12/2014
[click to view]

Chambarans Blog
[click to view]

Tension high before ruling on Center Parcs village in ancient French forest, The guardian, 18/05/2015
[click to view]

Des Chambarans à la métropole, la marche des possibles, Attac France
[click to view]

Collectif ZAD Lyon, 2/07/02015
[click to view]

[1] Center Parcs de Chambaran : un nouveau bétonnage de la nature, Attac France sur Mediapart, 29/11/2014
[click to view]

Media Links

Vidéo Center Parcs Roybon : scandale écologique, économique et politique
[click to view]

[3] Video: Contre un Center Parcs à Roybon (Isère), December 2014
[click to view]

[2] Envoye Special du 29 janvier 2015 : Center Parcs & ZAD chambaran
[click to view]

Other Documents

Wetland in the Chambaran forest Reporterre
[click to view]

"Let's live everywhere", Zadistes occupy Chambaran forest against Center Parc project France3regions, Celine Aubert
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorCamila Rolando Mazzuca
Last update18/01/2016
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