Cerro Blanco, Guatemala

Description
Goldcorp (que tambien opera como Entre Mares) explota el deposito Cerro Blanco, en Jutiapa, con reservas de 1.3 millones de onzas de oro. Goldcorp esta tambien presente en Guatemala en la controvertida mina Marlin.
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Basic Data
NameCerro Blanco, Guatemala
CountryGuatemala
ProvinceJutiapa
SiteAsuncion Mita
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsmina subterranea vida util 16 anos 1.579.959 onzas de oro 4.486.632 onzas de plata entre 500 y 700 empleos
Project Area (in hectares)174
Level of Investment (in USD)150000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population3000000
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesCompania Minera Entre Mares from Guatemala
Goldcorp Inc from Canada - based in Vancouver
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMadre selva, Centro de Investigaciones sobre la Inversion y Comercio CEICOM (El Salvador), La Mesa Nacional frente a la Minería Metálica (El Salvador)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Reclamo oficial de El Salvador
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
OtherEnfermedad por contaminacion del agua con metales pesados
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherIncrease of political tension across state borders, between Guatemala and El Salvador
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Criminalization of activists
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Strengthening of participation
Corruption
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
The Gold Corp company suspended the project, because of opposition in El Salvador (trns-frontier project) and because of low prices for gold in 2013.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Project has stopped in 2013. In July 2013, La Mesa Nacional (de El Salvador) frente a la Minería Metálica dijo que la semana pasada la empresa minera Goldcorp Inc., aduciendo un contexto financiero poco favorable para la inversión en minería metálica a nivel global, anunció la suspensión temporal del proyecto transfronterizo Cerro Blanco.

La ONG demandó que en vez de suspensión haya un cierre definitivo de la mina Cerro Blanco, que ha estado en fase de exploración en territorio de Guatemala cercano a El Salvador.
Sources and Materials
References

Blanco, Asuncion Mita, Jutiapa,Guatemala
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Blanco, Asuncion Mita, Jutiapa,Guatemala
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Analisis del Estudio de Impacto Ambiental para elProyecto Minero Cerro

Links

'Cerro-Blanco'-revela-amenazas-para-el-país-dicen-investigadores.htm
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Other CommentsDebido a la ubicacion del yacimiento, en el Trifinio, reserva compartida por

Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador y debido al riesgo de contaminacion de

aguas en el lago de Guija en El Salvador, este proyecto se ha convertido en un problema

transfronterizo que podria acarrear litigios internacionales al gobierno

de Guatemala. Ha sido suspendido en 2013.
Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y JMA
Last update08/04/2014
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