Cerro Colorado, Chile

Description
El Proyecto Cerro Colorado pertenece a la empresa chilena Compania Minera Cerro Colorado Ltda. (CMCC), la cual forma parte del grupo internacional BHP-Billiton. Se encuentra en operaciones desde 1992, se ubica en la Region de Tarapaca de Chile, en el desierto de Atacama a 2.600 m.s.n.m. al este de Iquique. Basa su produccion de 120.000 ton/ano promedio de catodos de cobre, y el posterior procesamiento del mineral mediante chancado en tres etapas, lixiviacion en pilas, extraccion por solventes y electro obtencion. Esta por construir una central de carbon de 460 MW y contempla una planta de desalinizacion de agua de mar.
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Basic Data
NameCerro Colorado, Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceTarapaca
SiteMamiña
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMina a cielo abierto Produccion promedio 120.000 ton/ano catodos de cobre Planta de lixiviacion de 210 ha. por 10 m. alto.

Project Area (in hectares)16664
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1991
Company Names or State EnterprisesBHP Billiton (BHP) from Australia
Compañia Minera Cerro Colorado Ltda.
Relevant government actorsConsejo de Defensa del Estado , Comision Regional del Medio Ambiente
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComunidad Indigena Aymara de Cancosa, Fundacion Avina
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Migration/displacement
Application of existing regulations
Court case in progress. The Aymara community of Cancosa is suing BHP Billiton for water rights and environmental damage.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.El daño ambiental esta a la vista, incluso ha sido aceptado por las autoridades ambientales y pese a las demandas presentadas por la comunidad, las entidades de justicia no han dado muestras de pretender resolver el conflicto.
Sources and Materials
References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Infomine

Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
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