Chemical contamination at the Cidade dos Meninos, Duque de Caxias, Brazil

Description
Since the 1990, the residents of the neighborhood of Cidade dos Meninos, in Duque de Caxias/RJ, struggle for remediation of chemical contamination that threatens their health and for their permanence in the site. They demand remediation of contamination in order to continue to live safely in that neighborhood. Despite the contamination, in fact, it is considered better than other localities of the municipality, marked by urban violence, and a lack of infrastructure and public services.
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Basic Data
NameChemical contamination at the Cidade dos Meninos, Duque de Caxias, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceRio de Janeiro
SiteDuque de Caxias
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Chemical industries
Specific CommoditiesChemical products
Industrial waste
Pesticides
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsBetween 200 and 400 tons of pesticides were abandoned in this place.
Project Area (in hectares)1900
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population850000
Start Date1990
Relevant government actorsGoverno Federal, Ministerio da Saude (former Ministerio da Educacao e Saude), Prefeitura Municipal de Duque de Caxias
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociacao de Moradores da Cidade do Menino
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination
Potential: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Deaths, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesRestoration of the area and no forced displacement which will surely worsen peoples living conditions.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Some of the material is contaminating the region and local residents are still fighting for not being displaced.
Sources and Materials
References

CAMARA DOS DEPUTADOS. Consulta Tramitacao das Proposicoes: Proposicao: PL-3034/2004. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 29 set. 2009.
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OLIVEIRA, Rosalia M. et al. Contaminacao por hexaclorociclohexanos em area urbana da regiao Sudeste do Brasil. Rev. Saude Publica, Sao Paulo, v. 29, n. 3, Jun. 1995. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 29 set. 2009. doi: 10.1590/S0034-89101995000300011.
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HERCULANO, Selene. A Cidade dos Meninos e o caso de contaminacao por HCH (hexaclorociclohexano). In: ACSELRAD, Henri, HERCULANO, Selene e PADUA, Jose Augusto. (Orgs.). Justica Ambiental e Cidadania. 2.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Relume Dumara: Fundacao Ford, 2004. pp. 291-302. ISBN 85-7316-353-4.

BRASIL Ministerio da Saúde. Secretaria de Políticas de Saude. Atuacao do Ministerio da Saude no caso de contaminação ambiental por pesticidas organoclorados, na Cidade dos Meninos, municipio de Duque de Caxias, RJ. Brasilia: Ministerio da Saude, 2002. 60
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Links

ANDRADE, Hanrrikson. A margem da Rio 20, Cidade dos Meninos tem mais de 90% de moradores contaminados por pesticida. UOL, 17 jun. 2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 31 mai. 2013.
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JUNIA, Raquel. O outro lado da cidade modelo. EPSJV/ Fiocruz, 17 jun. 2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 31 mai. 2013.
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Media Links

Contaminated area:
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View the city of boys at the time of boarding school
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Animals grazing near the board warning of chemical contamination
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Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update09/06/2014
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