Chevron Activities Degrade Izombe Community, Nigeria

Chevron have been accused of illegal dumping of toxic waste and unabated oil spills in the area, the people demand that Chevron should take responsibility for total remediation of the area.


Description

Izombe community has had its share of the dehumanizing degradation of host communities natural environment ranging from oil spills on the farmlands to gas flares and toxic waste, by multi-national corporations such as Chevron. Chevron have been accused of illegal dumping of toxic waste and unabated oil spills in the area, the people demand that Chevron should take responsibility for total remediation of the area.

The Jisike Regional Development Foundation (JRDF), created out of an initiative of Izombe inhabitants, got Chevron to sign the Global Memorandum of Understanding (GMoU). 

Under the Memorandum requirements, the company built a hospital and a secondary school for girls. Still the Memorandum seems more to be instrumentalized by the company which boasts about its so-called good behavior towards the affected communities. While on the ground Chevron has not been accountable for all the oil spills it provoked in the region, severely polluting farming fertile lands. As they denounce the violation of the Memorandum by Chevron, the locals also decry the civil servants’ and governors’ flagrant corruption. The forgotten and very unsatisfied youth of the region is multiplying vandalism against the oil infrastructures. The very increased social tension has urged the launch of a new project beginning of 2016 led by the Oguta Human Rights Monitoring Committee and implemented by the Cleen Foundation for communities’ empowerment. 

Basic Data
NameChevron Activities Degrade Izombe Community, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceImo State
SiteOguta Local Government Area.
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Gas flaring
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Company Names or State EnterprisesChevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Chevron Corporation from United States of America
Addaxx Petroleum Limited from China
Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation) from China
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation. NNPC, Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, MEND - Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta

CLEEN Foundation

Oguta Human Rights Monitoring Committee
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Sabotage
Threats to use arms
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Oil spills
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
In 2010, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) demanded socio-economic, political and environmental justice for the peoples of the oil region.

Spokesman Jomo Gbomo claimed that government was yet to address the core issues. Gbomo spoke as Izombe, an oil-bearing community in Oguta Local Government Area of Imo State, over what they described as more than three decades of negligence and underdevelopment.
Development of AlternativesTha people Demands that:

1.Chevron cleans up the oil spills in Izombe community

2. Chevron halts gas flaring in the community

3.Chevron evacuates all suspected toxic substances dumped in the community

4.Chevron adopts best internationally acceptable practices in clean up and remediation of the oil spill impacted sites.

5. Chevron should pay adequate compensation for the displaced community people.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Chevron is yet to clean up the environment, which has caused many to be displaced from their indigenous lands.
Sources and Materials
References

Evaluation of the impact of oil spillage on Izombie community and their productivity implications, Osueke, G. O., Emeka-Opara, F. O., October 2014
[click to view]

Links

Deep in The Republic Of Chevron, N. Onishi, New York Times, 4/07/1999
[click to view]

Nigeria: Chevron Donates Hospital, Other Facilities to Host Communities, All Africa, 12/11/2013
[click to view]

Nigeria: Izombe Indigenes Urge Govt to Repair Refineries, All Africa, 20/03/2015
[click to view]

Imo Clan Protests Against Addaxx, Chevron Oil Companies, 247Ureports, 02/06/2014
[click to view]

Group To Tackle Youth Restiveness In Imo Oil Communities, A., V., Owerri, Nigeria News Flight, 21/01/2016
[click to view]

Other Documents

Izombie community protests, in 2014 Source: http://247ureports.com/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/02/2016
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