Chevron and Shell Ravage Escravos, Nigeria

Description

Escravos is located in Warri South Local Government Area of Delta State. Communities here include Ugborodu, Ogidigben, Jala, Madagho and Ajidubu. Escravos plays host to two major transnational oil companies Shell and Chevron. Shell has three flow stations (Sagara, Otumara and Ogidigbe flow stations), while Chevron has its flow station offshore.

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Basic Data
NameChevron and Shell Ravage Escravos, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceDelta State
SiteEscravos, Warri South Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date07/2001
Company Names or State EnterprisesChevron Corporation from United States of America
Chevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesChevron and Shell must emback on restoration of the Escravos environment.

Spill must be cleared immediately.

Both TNCs should adhere to international standards.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The communities in the area still count their lost over the spill.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA (National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency)

References

Knee deep in Crude; Vol 1. A Publication of environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the Earth Nigeria.

Links

Nigeria Delta Congress
[click to view]

Hydrocarbons Technology
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorNnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014
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