Chevron Shale Gas, Romania

Chevron closed its operations in Romania in 2015, due to the public pressure but also because of the international context (low oil prices)


Description
Chevron has exploration rights for three blocks of 670,000 acres near the Black Sea, and has also bought the concession close to Barlad for an undisclosed amount with plans to extract gas using hydraulic fracturing. In April 2, 2012 Chevron Corp. suspended activities for the exploration and extraction of shale gas in following protests by residents of Vaslui County against the decision of the Romanian Government to allow Chevron to commence shale gas exploration in a concession area located near the city of Barlad. The agreement has been shrouded in secrecy. So far, the government refused to publish the contracts despite the repeated appeals by the opposition and environment activists. In April 2013, protests against the concession continued with about 500 rallying in the town of Barlad on the eastern border with Moldova, but the government has given the go-ahead for the shale gas exploration to continue. Chevron closed its operations in Romania in 2015. Due to the public pressure but also because of the international context (low oil prices), the company decided it's not profitable to extract shale gas in Romania.
Basic Data
NameChevron Shale Gas, Romania
CountryRomania
ProvinceVaslui County
SiteBarlad
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIn Romania, Chevron owns rights to exploration and exploitation of gas in Barlad and three areas in Constanta county – Vama Veche, Adamclisi and Costinesti – for which Chevron received concession agreements in March 2012. According to the company, the three onshore blocks cover some 2,700 sq km.
Project Area (in hectares)630000
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date02/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesChevron Corporation from United States of America
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationObjections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
0
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Global warming, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Militarization and increased police presence, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseRepression
Strengthening of participation
Moratoria
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.At the moment it seems the government is fully supporting the exploration despite local protests.

Chevron however closed its operations in Romania in 2015,due to the public pressure but also because of the international context ( oil low prices) they decided it's not profitable to extract shale gas in Romania.
Sources and Materials
References

Papatulica, M. (2015). Could Shale Gas Become a Reliable Energy Source for Europe and Romania?. Global Economic Observer, 3(1), 67.
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Framing Chevron Protests in National and International Press, Cristina Comana, Camelia Cmeciu
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Shale Gas U-Turns in Bulgaria and Romania: The Turbulent Politics of Energy and Protest
Viktor Nikolaev Goussev, Simon Devey, Bianca Schwarzenburg, Marco Althaus
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CHEVRON VS. PUNGESTI, ROMANIA
Jura, Cristian. Cogito7.3 (Sep 2015): 95-103.
[click to view]

EXPLOITATION OF SHALE GAS IN ROMANIA – OPPORTUNITY OR THREAT?
Marius Bulearca, Centre for Industry and Services’ Economics, Romanian Academy
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Links

Reuters - Thousands protest Chevron's shale gas plans in Romania
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Natural Gas Europe - ROMANIA: CHEVRON SUSPENDS SHALE GAS ACTIVITIES
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Natural Gas Europe - NO SHALE GAS, AFTER ALL - IMPLICATIONS OF CHEVRON’S EXIT FROM ROMANIA
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Other Documents

Source: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-romania-shale-chevron-idUSBRE9330S320130404
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLeah Temper
Last update18/02/2016
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