Chicomuselo contra Blackfire, Chiapas

Description

La empresa canadiense BlackFire planificaba en Chiapas, en el sur de Mexico, la mayor mina de barita del mundo, que alcanzaria en unos ocho meses un ritmo de produccion de 360 mil toneladas anuales de esta piedra utilizada para la perforacion petrolifera.

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Basic Data
NameChicomuselo contra Blackfire, Chiapas
CountryMexico
ProvinceChiapas
SiteChicomuselo
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesBarita
Project Details and Actors
Project Details360 mil toneladas anuales
Project Area (in hectares)1500
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesBlackFire Exploration Ltd.
Relevant government actorsGobernador de Chiapas, Municipio de Chicomuselo, Juez de Tuxtla Gutierrez
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersObservatorio Ciudadano por el Ejercicio del Derecho a la Salud (OBSCIUDE), Coalicion de Colonias de la Zona Sur (COCOSUR), Comision Ambientalista Comunidades Eclesiales de Base (CACEB), Red Mexicana de Afectados por la Mineria (REMA-Chiapas), Alianza Civica Chiapas, Colectivo de Promocion de los Derechos Civiles y Desarrollo Social - DECIDES, A.C.), Red de Defensores Comunitarios Maderas del Pueblo del Sureste, A.C., Centro de Capacitacion, Asesoria, Medio Ambiente y Defensa del Derecho a la Salud, A.C. (CAAMADS), Amigos de la Tierra Mexico, Colectivo Educacion para la Paz y los Derechos Humanos, A.C. (CEPAZ), Equipo de Apoyo en Salud y Educacion Comunitaria, AC (EAPSEC), Agua y Vida: Mujeres, Derechos y Ambiente, Red Ciudadana, Movimiento El Pedalazo, Iniciativas para la Identidad y la Inclusion, A.C (INCIDE).
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Deaths
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Tras el asesinato del dirigente Mariano Abarca, un tribunal admitio la

paralizacion de la mina de barita de la empresa canadiense Blackfire, pero no se ha hecho justicia aun ni en Mexico ni en Canada.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
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References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Otros mundos Chiapas, 26.11.2010, Primer aniversario del asesinato aun impune de Mariano Abarca

Links

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Media Links

Videos de la REMA:
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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez & JMA
Last update08/04/2014
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