Chikweti plantations, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Chikweti started to invest in Niassa in pine and eucalyptus plantations in 2005. From the 140,000 ha to be occupied, its goal is to plant 65,500 ha with tree plantations. The aim of the plantations is not clear. Since the implementation several conflicts have occured with the many rural communities in the region in a country where 70-80% of the population lives in rural communities. The main conflict cause therefore is the dispute over land. Chikweti with a concession given by the national government, claims exactly the same lands as the communities have traditionally been using. Agreements made with village chiefs on lands to be used by the companies have not been respected. Also workers of the company have complained about being fired soon after been contracted, lack of transport, littly payment and discrimination</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Chikweti plantations, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Province of Niassa</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Several districts in the region around the provincial capital called Lichinga, including Lichinga and Lago districts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/timber'>Timber</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">According to official information from December 2012, Chikweti had already a permit to use 45 thousand há, and had planted 14,250 há with eucalyptus and pine, while employing about 1,100 people</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>140000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>43,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>:thousands of rural families in different communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2005</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/chikweti-forests-of-niassa-sarl'>Chikweti Forests of Niassa Sarl</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/mozambique'><small>Mozambique</small></a> - <small> One of the owners of Chikweti is the Global Solidarity Forest Fund (GSFF) based in Sweden, and Timber Holding LLC, based in the US</small><br /><a href='/company/global-solidarity-forest-fund'>Global Solidarity Forest Fund <small>(GSFF)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/sweden'><small>Sweden</small></a> - <small> it is funded by Swedish and Norwegian Lutheran churches, and also the Dutch investment fund ABP is a partner.</small><br /><a href='/company/timber-holding-llc'>Timber Holding LLC</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Provincial Government of Niassa and Fundação Malonda, a state agency to promote development of the private sector in Niassa province</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>UNAC (National Union of Peasants of Mozambique) and Justicia Ambiental (Friends of the Earth Mozambique) carried out a preliminary study on the land grabbing process in Mozambique.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Landless peasants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Sabotage</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>New legislation<br /> company fined; more regulation from the government; some land permits not approved</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>More support for peasant (food-based) agriculture</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Yes because government reacted on denunciations and fined the company and implemented more rules and control; no because tree plantations continue expanding, making life for rural communities in the end more difficult</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Lemos, A. (coord.), 2011. Lords of the Land: preliminary analysis of the phenomenon of land grabbing in Mozambique. Justia Ambiental and UNAC, Maputo; Overbeek, Winfridus, The Expansion of Tree Monocultures in Niassa Province, Mozambique. ; governo de Nia<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.wrm.org.uy/countries/Mozambique/book.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Winnie Overbeek</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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