Chiloé wind power project in Mapuche territory, Chile

Indigenous and rural communities of Chiloé claiming proper consultation and implementation of a wind power project in their territory


Description

Since 2010, the Chilean-Swedish company Ecopower has attempted to install the Chiloé Wind Power Project in the Ancud commune, Chiloé archipelago. The project encompasses 42 windmills with a total installed capacity of 100.8 MW, expecting to operate during 25 years to supply electricity to the Interconnected Central System of Chile. The project is to be deployed throughout 1,000 ha of the Quilo-Mar Brava area, affecting approximately 5,000 people, including Huilliches groups, which are part of the Mapuche people.

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Basic Data
NameChiloé wind power project in Mapuche territory, Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceChiloé archipielago, Acnud commune
SiteLos Rios region
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Windmills
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project Details42 windmills with 2.4 MW of power each one.

Total installed capacity: 100 MW

Electric substations

Transmission line of 28.1 km (with 40 m of land use).

Source: Environmental Impact Assessment
Project Area (in hectares)1,000
Level of Investment (in USD)250,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population5,000
Start Date01/01/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesEcopower from Chile - Developer
Relevant government actorsCorte Suprema de Santiago

Corte de Apelaciones de Puerto Montt

Servicio de Evaluación Ambiental
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersConsejo de Comunidades Williches del Archipiélago de Chiloé

CECPAN Centro de Estudio y Conservación del Patrimonio Natural

Centro de Conservación Cetácea

Asociación Indígena Wiñoi Newen

Comunidad Williche de Aucaco

Comunidad Williche de Quilo

Comunidad Histórica Autónoma de Weketrumao

Junta de Vecinos de Calle

Área de Manejo Mar Brava

Eco Turismo Puñihuil

Agrupación Cultural El Rodezno

Movimiento de Defensa del Borde Costero, el Agua y la Vida de Ancud

Pensar Chiloé

Consejo de Defensa del Archipiélago de Chiloé
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Mapuche communities
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Refusal of compensation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherDamage to coastal areas
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Local organization managed to adjourn the Project twice in order to have a new EIA and consultation processes. However there are still some Mapuche communities against the implementation of the Project: they were not consulted and they do not want to negotiate with Ecopower. Recent news indicate that judicial activism by these communities is ongoing.
Sources and Materials
Links

Ecopower web page with information from radio pudeto. Preocupación de comunidad huilliche por intervención de conchales Mar Brava
[click to view]

Mapuexpress, Colectivo de comunicación mapuche: Amplio rechazo tras aprobación ambiental de Parque Eólico Chiloé,
[click to view]

Fütawilliamapu: epacio Mapuche Williche en Internet: La oposición Mapuche Williche al proyecto Parque Eólico Chiloé,
[click to view]

Comunicado sobre los alegatos de los recursos de protección presentados ante la corte de apelaciones En contra del servicio de evaluación ambiental y el proyecto parque eólico Chiloé.
[click to view]

Expansion energética en chiloe. Expansión energética en Chiloé 21 de March, 2016.
[click to view]

Estudio de Impacto Ambiental. "PARQUE EOLICO CHILOE". ECOPOWER S.A.C
[click to view]

Como No debe desarrollarse un proyecto energético sustentable: Parque Eólico Chiloé

por Jaime Velásquez C. (Chiloé, Chile). Publicado el 17 agosto, 2014. Piensa Chile Blog.
[click to view]

Media Links

Ecopower-Parque eólico chiloé
[click to view]

Other Documents

Local communities denouncing the project implementation http://www.eldesconcierto.cl/vida-sustentable/2014/08/12/organizaciones-en-oposicion-proyecto-parque-eolico-chiloe-denuncian-persecucion-y-amedrentamiento-comunidades-indigenas/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSofía Ávila-Calero
Last update15/04/2016
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