Chinchaycocha, Junin, Peru

Description
El lago de Junin o Chinchaycocha se ubica en la Pampa de Junin o Meseta de Bombon, sobre 4000 m.s.n.m., entre las provincias de Pasco y Junin.
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Basic Data
NameChinchaycocha, Junin, Peru
CountryPeru
ProvinceJunin
SiteJunin
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsrepresa hidroelectrica empresas mineras, contaminan agua en perjuicio de comunidades
Project Area (in hectares)27000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population20000
Start Date1920
Company Names or State EnterprisesElectroandes
ElectroPeru
Volcan from Peru
Doe Run from United States of America
Compañia Minera Aurex from Peru
Minera El Brocal S.A. from Peru
Relevant government actorsComision Ambiental Regional Andina Central , Plan y Sistema de Gestion Ambiental Chinchaycocha, Municipalidad de Junin, MINAM
International and Financial InstitutionsInteramerican Court of Human Rights (IACHR)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFrente Ecologico Alto Andino, Comite de Defensa y Vigilancia del Lago, CONACAMI Coordinadora de Comunidades Afectadas por la Minera, CORECAMI Coordinadora Regional de Comunidades Afectadas por la Minería
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseInstitutional changes
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Se ha intentado un juicio por via penal. Finalmente en febrero 2013 ingresó la solicitud ante la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos a fin de que dicte medidas cautelares contra el Estado peruano por el retardo injustificado en la denuncia formulada, expediente Nº MC-43-13.
Development of AlternativesPlan y Sistema de Gestion Ambiental Chinchaycocha
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.La contaminacion de las aguas del lago ha sido probada, sin embargo las

autoridades no dan solucion a las inundaciones de

terrenos de comunidades, ni, por ahora, de sancinan a las empresas mineras.
Sources and Materials
References

Blog Escenario saludable (Percy Salomé)

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Informe del caso Chinchaycocha (Comisión Pueblos Andinos, Amazónicos y Afroperuanos, Ambiente y Ecología) Junio 2008

Links

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Other CommentsEste conflicto es uno de los que dio lugar al surgimiento de la Cordinadora de Comunidades Afectadas por la Minera CONACAMI en Peru
Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y JMA
Last update08/04/2014
Comments