Movement against imported coal plants, Greece

Plans of private and public private companies for new coal plants in Greece have been abandoned thanks to citizens' mobilization and strong advocacy for alternative sources of energy and power saving measures.


Description

In July 2007 the Ministry of Environment, Spatial Planning and Public Works published the General Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development Framework. In the “Energy Section” there were no plans for the creation of coal power plants. In contrary, one month later (8/2007) in the "1st report on the long-term energy planning of Greece, 2008-2020", issued by the Ministry of Development, power generation from coal is foreseen to range in a percentage between 5,6 % and 21 %, till 2020 [1,2].

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Basic Data
NameMovement against imported coal plants, Greece
CountryGreece
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project Details5 requests for coal plants (2007):

460MW, GEK TERNA Group in Mantoudi, Evia

600MW, MYTILINEOS Group in Aspra Spitia, Viotia

600MW, EDISON-HELLENIC PETROLEUM SA in Astakos, Aitoloakarnania

800MW, RWE-DEI in Larymna, Fthiotida

800 MW, DEI in Aliveri, Evia

1600MW, RWE-DEI in Nea Karvali, Kavala or in Almyro, Magnisia, or in Evros

The potentially affected population per area would be as follows:

1,956 (Mantoudi), 215,136 (Evia); 316 (Aspra Spitia), 131,085 (Viotia); 2,563 (Astakos), 224,429 (Aitoloakarnania); 1,495 (Larymna), 178,771 (Fthiotida); 5,621 (Aliveri), 215,136 (Evia); 2,301 (Nea Karvali), 145,054 (Kavala); 7,921 (Almyro), 206,995 (Magnisia); 149,354 Evros
Level of Investment (in USD)Estimated Capital investment cost: 1,867,450 $/MW (range 1.8-3.9 million $/MW, depending on the technology used in the plant and carbon dioxide possesses retention) [24]
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population1,465,960 population of the peripheries [25]
Start Date01/08/2007
End Date15/11/2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesGEK TERNA Group from Greece
MYTILINEOS Group from Greece
EDISON International from United States of America
HELLENIC PETROLEUM SA from Greece
RWE from Germany
Public Power Corporation SA Hellas (DEI ) from Greece
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Development (so called in 2008-2009);

Ministry of Environment, Spatial Planning and Public Works (so called in 2008-2009); Regulatory Authority for Energy;

Hellenic Transmission System Operator SA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCitizens against coal founding movements: "In Action", Almyros’ voluntary environmental group; Evia’s active citizens; "Intervention", Aliveri’s union of citizens Tamynaion; Evros ecological association; Municipality of Kireos association for culture and environment; Panaitoloakarnaniko front for the environment;

Magnesia’s environmental initiative; Aliveri’s association for the protection of the environment; Voiotia’s alignment for the environment; Kavala’s coordination struggle committee.

Collectives that joined the initiative: Thessaloniki’s initiative group; Larissa’s Citizens in Action; Attica’s citizens energy group; Initiative for the protection of Corinthiakos gulf; Thessaloniki citizens' initiative against coal

Greenpeace; Coalition against coal (Municipalities and Communities of Almyros, Antikyra, Astakos, Distomo, Kavala, Larymna, Kyriaki, Mantoudi, WWF Hellas); left political parties; Association of Prefectures of Greece; Association of Greek Chemists; MEPs; municipal parties;
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Other Health impacts
OtherRespiratory problems due to ashes
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Development of AlternativesCivil society groups involved in the struggle promoted the concept of energy saving and energy generation by Renewable Energy Sources by organizing information events on alternatives and on climate change issues.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.It was a successful civil society movements’ struggle, as the withdrawal of the plans for the construction of coal energy generation plans by the government was mainly due to the people’s reaction.
Sources and Materials
References

[3] Basdeki Dorothea, 2010, The grassroots movement against coal in Greece

[24] Psomas St, 2008, Coal-What it means for our lifes? Greenpeace Greece

Links

[2] Ministry of Environment, 2007, 1st report on the long-term energy planning of Greece, 2008-2020
[click to view]

[5] Citizens against coal, 2008, Local communities have spoken. Now what?
[click to view]

[6] Citizens against coal, 2008, Wind of hope blew in Rio
[click to view]

[7] Citizens against coal, 2008, Ministry of Environment, Spatial Planning and Public Works] .... smothered in emissions (once again)
[click to view]

[8] Citizens against coal, 2008, Government and Public Power Corporation SA Hellas: undaunted for coal
[click to view]

[9] Citizens against coal 2008, Debate: RES and their integration in local communities
[click to view]

[10] Citizens against coal, 2008, The energy planning was solved: ... it was awarded to power generators
[click to view]

[11] Citizens against coal, 2008, An interesting story: how German citizens kicked out RWE
[click to view]

[12] Citizens against coal, 2008, Government - PPC - individuals persist in coal
[click to view]

[13] Citizens against coal, 2008, 12-18 May, Week against coal
[click to view]

[14] Citizens against coal, 2008, Events in the framework of the “Week against coal”
[click to view]

[15] Citizens against coal and Coalition against Coal, 2008, Petition: Appeal against coal
[click to view]

[16] Citizens against coal, 2008, Energy wind from Thessaloniki
[click to view]

[17] Citizens against coal, 2008, Symbolic occupation of DEI premises in Thessaloniki
[click to view]

[18] Citizens against coal, 2008, The final agenda of the three days energy workshop
[click to view]

[19] Citizens against coal, 2008, Greek and German citizens exchange experiences
[click to view]

[20] Citizens against coal, 2009, Brake on coal - citizens can impose solutions
[click to view]

[21] Citizens against coal, 2009, Starting of the new energy planning
[click to view]

[22] Citizens against coal, 2009, The victory against the coal is established, the initiative of "Citizens against coal" stops
[click to view]

[23] Citizens against coal, 2009,Stakeholders and civil movements’ intervention for Renewable Energy Sources
[click to view]

[25] Hellenic Statistical Authority, Census 2001

[1] Citizens against coal, 2008, Citizens against coal declaration
[click to view]

[4] WWF Hellas, 2008, Coalition against coal
[click to view]

Other Documents

DEI – Public Power Corporation Hellas premises blocade in Kavala, February 2008
[click to view]

DEI – Public Power Corporation Hellas premises blocade in Thessaloniki, September 2008
[click to view]

Map with the proposed imported coal plants in Greece
[click to view]

Encirclement of Korinthiakos gulf in February 2008
[click to view]

Demonstration in Mantoudi, March 2008
[click to view]

Encirclement of Korinthiakos gulf - march on Rio-Antirio bridge, February 2008
[click to view]

Nationwide meeting of Citizens against Coal, March 2008
[click to view]

Demonstration in Thessaloniki (energy march), September 2008
[click to view]

Poster Week against Coal, May 2008
[click to view]

Demonstration in Korinthos, May 2008
[click to view]

Demonstration in Leivadia, May 2008
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorErmioni Frezouli, Geography Department - Harokopio University Athens (HUA).
Last update01/09/2015
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