Coal power plant in Bargny, Senegal

Strong opposition to the new coal power plant in the already polluted city of Bargny. People ask to the government to invest in renewable energy to increase national production.


Description

----------Français ci-dessus------------ The city of Bargny is threatened by the construction of a new coal power plant in the nearby village of Sendou. Citizens complain for being already victims of the pollution already provoked by the Sococim cement plant at 1.5 km distance and of the coastal erosion due to climate change.

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Basic Data
NameCoal power plant in Bargny, Senegal
CountrySenegal
ProvinceRegion of Dakar
SiteSendou, Bargny
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesCoal
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsEn Français ci-dessous ---------------------------- The Senegalese national electric power company Sénélec and the Ministry of Energy granted responsibility for the construction and operation of the Sendou coal power plant to the Senegal Electricity Company (CES) in 2008. [1]

CES is a Senegalese company owned by foreign shareholders, the Swedish consulting firm Nykomb Synergetics Development AB and the Quantum group of Israeli magnate Idan Ofer.

The African Development Bank (AfDB) approved a 55€ million loan to Nykomb in November 2009, but the project was blocked until 2013 for lack of additional funding [2] [3].

The project halted also in 2014 for internal disagreements within the CES, and started again when the Moroccan investor Advisory Finance Group (AFG) sold its shares to the Quantum group in 2015. [4] The power plant should start working at the end of 2017. The factory is located next to the city of Bargny (35 km from Dakar), and it is situated at less than 500m from inhabited areas and at about 600m from the ocean. The capacity of the plant is 125MW. The project aims to produce at least 925 GWh of electricity per year and to diversify national energy production that is currently based for 80% on diesel combustion. The project’s goal is to produce 40% of country's energy [2]. The African Development Bank (AfDB) declares that the cost of construction and functioning of the plant amounts to 206 million euros, which were lent by the AfDB, the West African Development Bank (BOAD), the Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden NV (FMO) and West African Bank Company (CBAO), and Delta [2] [5]. The coal will be imported from South Africa by boat by the Swiss company Comptoir Balland Brugneaux [5], a global solid fuels distribution company. In July 2017, Prime Minister Mahammed Dionne declared that the central will be fueled by gas instead of coal from 2021. The population suspects that this declaration is just an electoral promise. [6]

------------------------------Français------------------------ La société nationale d’électricité du Sénégal (Sénélec) et le Ministère de l’Energie ont accordé à la Compagnie d’électricité du Sénégal (CES) en 2008 la responsabilité de la construction et fonctionnement de la centrale à charbon de Sendou. [1] La CES est une société sénégalaise avec des actionnaires étrangers, duquel les principaux sont la société de conseil suède Nykomb Synergetics Development AB et le groupe Quantum du magnat israélien Idan Ofer. La Banque Africaine de Développement (BAD) a approuvé le prêt de 55 millions d’euro à l’entreprise Nykomb en novembre 2009, mais le projet était bloqué jusqu’à 2013 pour le manque de financement supplémentaire [2][3]. Le projet a été à l’arrêt en 2014 pour cause de désaccords internes au sein de CES, qui ont duré jusqu’à ce que l’investisseur marocain Advisory Finance Group (AFG) a vendu ses actions au groupe Quantum en 2015. [4] La mise en fonction de la centrale est prévue pour la fin de l’année 2017. L’industrie est située à côté de la ville de Bargny à 35 km de Dakar et se trouve à moins de 500m des zones habitées et à environs 600 mètres de l’océan. La capacité de la centrale est de 125MW. Le projet entend produire au moins 925 GWh d’électricité par an et de diversifier la production nationale d’énergie qui pour l’instant est basée à 80% sur la combustion du diesel. L’objectif est que la nouvelle centrale produise 40% de l’énergie du pays [2]. La Banque Africaine de Développement (BAD) déclare que le coût du construction et de mise en fonctionnement de la centrale s’élève à 206 millions d’euros, prêtés par la BAD, la Banque ouest-africaine de développement (BOAD), la Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (FMO) et la Compagnie bancaire de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (CBAO), Delta [2][5]. Le charbon sera importé depuis l’Afrique du Sud en bateau par la compagnie suisse Comptoir Balland Brugneaux [5], entreprise de distribution mondiale de combustibles solides. En juillet 2017, le premier ministre Mahammed Dionne a déclaré que la central sera transformée en usine à gaz d’ici 2021. La population soupçonne que cette déclaration soit seulement une promesse électorale. [6]

[1] https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Environmental-and-Social-Assessments/EIES%20-%20Sendou%20125MW%20Centrale%20a%20Charbon%20-%208%2019%202009%20FV.pdf

[2] https://www.afdb.org/fr/news-and-events/african-development-bank-to-further-examine-social-and-environmental-concerns-on-sendou-coal-fired-power-plant-in-senegal-16990/

[3] https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Sendou_power_station

[4] http://www.jeuneafrique.com/359686/economie/senegal-centrale-de-sendou-prete-2017/

[5] https://www.afdb.org/en/projects-and-operations/project-portfolio/p-sn-f00-004/

[6] https://business-humanrights.org/en/senegal-coal-industrys-impacts-on-communities-in-bargny

[7] http://aps.sn/actualites/politique/institutions/article/la-centrale-a-charbon-de-bargny-sera-transformee-en-centrale-a-gaz-dionne
Project Area (in hectares)22
Level of Investment (in USD)212,000,000.00 dollars (118 Milliards de F CFA)
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population50,000-1,000,000
Start Date29/04/2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesCompagnie d’Electricité du Sénégal (CES) from Senegal - owner of the power plant
Nykomb Synergetics Development Group from Sweden - shareholder
Quantum Pacific Group from United Kingdom - shareholder
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Energy

Ministry of the Environment
International and Financial InstitutionsAfrican Development Bank (AfDB) from Cote d'Ivoire - main loan bank
West African Development Bank (BOAD) from Togo - loan bank
Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (FMO) from Netherlands - loan bank
Compagnie bancaire de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (CBAO) from Senegal - loan bank
Delta Group from China - investor
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCOLLECTIF Bargny dit non au charbon - https://www.facebook.com/bargnyditnonaucharbon/

collectif Bargny a droit à un environnement sain

Collective de défense des terres de Bargny

ONG Lumière Synergie pour le développement (LSD) - http://www.onglumiere.org/

Takkom Jerry (Polyvalence Culturelle et Environnmentale) - https://www.facebook.com/TPCE-Takkom-Jerry-Polyvalence-Culturelle-et-Environnementale--582202841942832/

Waterkeeper alliance - waterkeeper.org/

Ong « publiez ce que vous payez » Senegal - http://www.publishwhatyoupay.org/fr/members/senegal-2
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Noise pollution, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesIn the Declaration of Bargny, the « collective against coal » addressed to President Macky Sall to stop the construction of coal power plants and invest instead in renewable energies. However, the collectives that they could accept a power plant only if gas would be burnt instead of coal expressed during the panel of 2nd August 2017. ----------------Français-------------------

Dans la déclaration de Bargny, le « collectif non au charbon » demandait au Président d’investir dans les énergies renouvelables et d’arrêter la construction des centrales à charbon. Les collectifs qui participent au panel du 2 août 2017 demandent que s’ il y a une centrale, qu’elle soit à gaz et pas au charbon.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.It is unlikely that local movements will manage to stop the factory. Moreover, they proposed in 2017 to reconvert the power plant to a gas plant, which cannot be considered as an environmental justice success due to all the injustices that it will provoke in terms of extraction and transport.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

law n°2001-01 du 15 janvier 2001
[click to view]

Youssoupha Mine, 01/12/2015
[click to view]

Links

Project description. African Development Bank Group – August 2009
[click to view]

Une campagne Waterkeeper tendant à arrêter la construction de la dernière usine de charbon proposée au Sénégal, permettant de maintenir le développement du pays sans charbon. Hannah Petersen et Peter Harrison, Été 2016
[click to view]

Senegal’s Waterkeepers Lead A Sendoff For Coal-Fired Sendou, Hannah Petersen (Waterkeeper Alliance), Summer 2016:
[click to view]

Sourcewatch, 18/04/2017
[click to view]

Complaint to Nykomb Synergetics, Takkom Jerry and ONG Lumière, April 2015
[click to view]

Media Links

Declaration of Bargny 21/11/2015
[click to view]

Other Documents

mass protests in Bargny from http://www.africablogging.org/fr/bargny-ville-rouge/ 2017
[click to view]

The coal power plant under construction by Igor Strauss, 2017
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice Team, Fulvia Ferri
Last update26/02/2018
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