Coca Cola violates labour rights, Colombia

Violación de los derechos de los trabajadores, amenazas de muerte, persecución judicial, despidos improcedentes y/o arbitrarios y campañas de difamación. Los ingredientes secretos de CocaCola en Colombia.


Description

Summary of the case: The company in conflict is the US-based Coca Cola Company, which operates in Colombia through its subsidiary Coca Cola Femsa S.A. The activities that encompass the accusation took place between 1996 and 2014 in several parts of Colombia and include, among other, the violation of the rights of the workers and in particular their trade union rights, through: death threats, judicial persecution, wrongful and/or arbitrary terminations, and defamation campaigns; as well as the complicity of the local government, the army and the paramilitary groups in order to avoid the affiliation of the workers to trade unions. This was recognized in the 2008 Permanent Peoples Tribunal session, by the Committee on Freedom of Association of the International Labour Organization in their recommendation of June, 2009 – which were not respected – and the precautionary measures dictated by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. It is this sustained that the activities of the company constitute a violation of the ILO Conventions and Recommendations, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and of the Constitution and Labour Law of Colombia.

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Basic Data
NameCoca Cola violates labour rights, Colombia
CountryColombia
SiteEl caso se refiere a la conducta de la transnacional en todo el pais.
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date01/01/1996
Company Names or State EnterprisesCoca-Cola Company from United States of America
Coca-Cola FEMSA from Mexico
Industria Nacional de Gaseosas S.A. from Colombia
Relevant government actorsGobierno de Colombia, República de Colombia, Ministerio del Trabajo (Colombia), Cortes de Apelaciones de Estados Unidos (circuito 11), Corte del Distrito de Miami (EE.UU.)
International and Financial InstitutionsInternational Labour Organization (ILO)
International Criminal Court (ICC)
European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR)
Inter-American Court of Human Rights (CIDH)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSinaltrainal, CETIM, Global Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power, Permanent Peoples Tribunal
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndustrial workers
Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Boycotts of companies-products
Presentation to the case to the Permanent Peoples Tribunal
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Potential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Deaths
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The situation of the workers has not improved and the company has not been made responsible for the crimes committed. In April 2015, members of Sinaltrainal declared a hunger strike as a protest of this lack of accountability.

La situación de los trabajadores no ha mejorado y la empresa no ha sido responsabilizada de los crímenes cometidos. En abril de 2015, afiliados a Sinaltrainal se han declarado en huelga de hambre como protesta a la falta de responsabilidades.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
[click to view]

Conventions and Recommendations of the ILO
[click to view]

Constitución de Colombia
[click to view]

Código Sustantivo del Trabajo de Colombia
[click to view]

Links

Global Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power
[click to view]

CETIM
[click to view]

KillerCoke.org
[click to view]

Global Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power
[click to view]

Testimony of the case in the Permanent Peoples Tribunal Hearing - Corporate Human Rights Violations and Peoples Access to Justice. Geneva, 23 June 2014
[click to view]

[1] Collingsworth, T. (2006, Mar. 5). Another “Classic Coke” Move to Deny and Delay Accountability for Human Rights Violations in Colombia. International Labor Rights Fund
[click to view]

[5] ECCHR (no date). La violencia contra defensores de derechos humanos
[click to view]

[6] Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (2014, Jul. 18). Medida Cautelar No. 641-02. Asunto Sinaltrainal Respecto de Colombia
[click to view]

[3] International Labor Organization (2009, Jun.). Informe en el que el Comité pide que se le mantenga informado de la evolución de la situación - Informe núm. 354, Caso. Num. 2595.
[click to view]

[4] The Coca Cola Company (2006, Jan. 25). The Facts: The Coca-Cola Company And Colombia
[click to view]

[2] U.S. Court of Appeals Eleventh Circuit (2009, Aug. 11). No. 06-15851
[click to view]

Media Links

Javier Correa, presidente sindical.

El líder sindical pinta un panorama horroroso al periodista Dick Emanuelsson (ANNCOL), en donde paramilitares amenazan a los obreros organizados desde adentro de las plantas, o como tanquetas de la policía antidisturbios entran a las plantas para reprimir a los obreros.

En la entrevista Javier Correa también relata como Coca Cola aprovecha su poderío para utilizar el Poder Judicial en su criminalización al sindicato en su defensa a los trabajadores de Coca Cola.
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: http://r-evolucion.es/2014/02/protestas-contra-coca-cola-se-extienden-colombia/
[click to view]

Source: https://anncol.eu/index.php/colombia/politica-economia/item/191-audio-trabajadores-de-coca-cola-en-colombia-en-huelga-de-hambre-contra-el-terror-y-el-hostigamiento-de-la-empresa-a-los-obreros
[click to view]

Other CommentsSee more at: KillerCoke.org
Meta Information
ContributorGlobal Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power, Transnational Institute - TNI
Last update05/12/2016
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