Colquijirca, El Brocal, Perú

Description

Colquijirca, Sociedad Minera El Brocal en el distrito de Tinyahuarco, Provincia de Cerro de Pasco, a 289 Km de Lima y a 10 km de Pasco, a 4.250 m.s.n.m., produce plata, plomo y zinc, es propiedad de Minas Buenaventura (de la familia Benavides, la más poderosa compañía minera de Perú).

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Basic Data
NameColquijirca, El Brocal, Perú
CountryPeru
ProvincePasco
SiteColquijirca
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesZinc
Silver
Lead
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsmina a cielo abierto y mina subterránea 1.2 millones de toneladas de mineral al año reservas Tajo Norte 43.273.087 Ton reservas Marca Punta Norte 8.047.247 Ton.

San Gregorio, 80Mt con ley de 8% de zinc Planta de concentrados de Huaraucaca
Level of Investment (in USD)600000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population5000
Start Date1993
Company Names or State EnterprisesMinas Buenaventura
Minera El Brocal S.A. from Peru
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersConfederación Nacional de Comunidades del Perú Afectadas por la Minería CONACAMI
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Repression
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Criminalization of activists
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Corruption
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.El proyecto pone en peligro no solo a los seres humanos que viven en las zonas cercanas de las minas, y la comunidad de Vicco, además peligra el segundo lago más importante del Perú. La empresa estará implementando una ampliación del complejo minero.
Sources and Materials
References

Raúl E. Chacón , EL NACIMIENTO DEL ECOLOGISMO POPULAR EN EL PERÚ, O LA

LUCHA SIN FIN DE LAS COMUNIDADES DE VICCO Y SAN MATEO, Ecología

Política, n. 24

La Revista Agraria

Web El Brocal

OCMAL

Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPato Chávez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
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