Community decries shoddy cleanup of oil pollution by PPMC Contractors, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Ibada Elume Community is located in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State. A Petroleum Products Marketing Company (PPMC) pipeline from the Warri Refinery carrying refined products to Edo State and further to the northern parts of Nigeria passes through the community. Between 2006 and 2009 there were several petroleum products spills from the PPMC pipeline which flowed into the community farmlands causing fire and destruction of farmlands and livelihoods of the community people. Some of the affected areas are: Ajabugbe where 10 hectares with 50 fishponds were affected, Ogokpakpa where five hectares with 26 fishponds and economic trees were affected, and Usietan where three hectares of land with food crops such as cassava, plantain, and palm trees were affected. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Demands by the people are that the PPMC (a subsidiary of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC) clean up the areas affected and pay compensation to families whose livelihoods had been affected by the spills and resulting fire; its very unfortunate that they have fallen on deaf ears. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Community decries shoddy cleanup of oil pollution by PPMC Contractors, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Delta State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ibada Elume Community, Sapele Local Government Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)<br /> Oil and gas refining</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2006</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/petroleum-product-marketing-company-ppmc'>Petroleum Product Marketing Company - PPMC</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/nigerian-national-petroleum-corporation'>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation <small>(NNPC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action, Trade Unions</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Artisanal miners<br /> Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos<br /> Landless peasants<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Trade unions<br /> Ethnically/racially discriminated groups</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Global warming, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> Under negotiation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>-PPMC/NNPC and its Consultants Hudson Nigeria Limited should be compelled to ensure that proper cleanup is done immediately<br/><br/>-PPMC/NNPC should be compelled to pay compensation to families affected.<br/><br/>-PPMC/NNPC should be compelled to work with community people to guarantee pipeline integrity.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Community people are still counting their lost, as compensation have not been paid, and full restoration of the area have not be done properly.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> ERA field report<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.eraction.org/component/content/article/5/388-field-report-293-community-decries-shoddy-cleanup-of-pollution-by-ppmc-contractors" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Godwin Uyi Ojo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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