Eco Resort by Con Dau Village, Vietnam

Forced evictions, violent crackdowns and torture are turning the small catholic farming and fishing village Con Dau into a so-called "eco-resort"


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The Con Dau village used to be a small farming and fishing village, covering 110ha in Hoa Xuan commune, located just 4km South of Da Nang, Central Vietnam. While centuries ago, the area used to be an un-cultivable swamp, with seawater entering the fields, the effort of many generations of hard working families with strong community bonds, turned it into an area suitable for agriculture as well as into the home of their catholic parish [1].</div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">Life in Con Dau village changed drastically in May 2007, when the government of Da Nang City announced plans to expropriate 430ha in the Hoa Xuan ward area, including the entire Con Dau village, in order to lease the land to developers for the construction of an eco-resort hotel [1;2]. The project was granted to the Sun Group, a private company [1]. To acquire the land, the government offered compensations to the 2000 villagers, which however were very low in comparison to the market value, and relocation areas were further distant [1;3]. But moreover, the main concern of the villagers were not the low compensations, but rather the cultural and religious loss they would face, by leaving behind their parish village which they had been constructing over more than a century. Particularly, the planned relocation of the village cemetery and its 1600 tombs to a mountainous, inaccessible area provoked a public outcry [1].<br/><br/>While the local government tried to pressure the villagers to move away through harassment and threats, almost all villagers refused to leave. On May 4, 2010, hundreds of policemen from Da Nang City cracked down on the villagers while they were attending a funeral. Villagers experienced heavy violence from the police, which employed tear gas, electric rods, and rubber bullets to intimidate them during the funeral. More than 100 villagers, including children and elderly, were injured, 62 were arrested and consequently tortured, leading even to the death of one villager [1;4;5]. Nearly 40 of the villagers, many of them with a pending arrest warrant, fled to Thailand to ask for asylum. The authorities continued to harass their families who remained in the village [1;6].<br/><br/>The conflict received international attention. In 2010, journalists from Radio Free Asia (RFA) investigated the case, but were confronted by Vietnamese authorities after filing an investigative report [7]. The Con Dau Parishioners Association, a group of Con Dau parishioners residing in the US, filed a report to the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion [1]. Also the US Congress urged the UN to investigate the case [5] and UN human rights experts called on the government to urgently intervene in this “case of land grabbing for the benefit of private entrepreneurs and at the expense of local communities” [3].<br/><br/>However, Vietnamese authorities generally denied any human rights violations, stating that these testimonies were just part of a campaign to damage the country’s reputation [5]. Raids followed on March 27, 2014, when bulldozers arrived to tear down the remaining houses [8], in order to remove the village and its unique traditions and culture to establish the so-called luxury “eco-tourism” project [9]. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Eco Resort by Con Dau Village, Vietnam</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/vietnam">Vietnam</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Central Vietnam</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Con Dau village, Hoa Xuan ward area, 4km South of Da Nang City</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Land acquisition conflicts<br /> Urban development conflicts<br /> Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/tourism-services'>Tourism services</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The 110ha of Con Dau village were leased to private company Sun Land Group to build a luxury eco-resort [1;9]. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">No information on investment size and bankers could be found.<br/><br/>Around 2000 villagers were forcefully evicted [1].<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>430</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>around 2000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>05/2007</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/sunland-real-estate-coltd'>Sunland Real Estate Co.,ltd</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/vietnam'><small>Vietnam</small></a> - <small>propery development, infrastructure</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Government of Da Nang City<br/><br/>113 Anti-Riot Police Unit</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Con Dau Parishioners Association; Vietnam Committee on Human Rights; FIDH - International Federation for Human Rights;</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Religious groups</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Land occupation<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Refusal of compensation</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Noise pollution<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) <br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Under construction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Criminalization of activists<br /> Deaths<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> Repression<br /> Violent targeting of activists<br /> Death of villager Nguyen Thanh Nam</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>When the project was first proposed, some villagers offered part of their rice fields for the eco-resort, trying to find a compromise solution. However, the government did not accept this proposal [1].</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project goes in spite of large evidence of human rights violations.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Decree No. 84/2007/ND-CP additionally stipulating the grant of land use right certificates, recovery of land, exercise of land use rights, order and procedures for compensation, support and resettlement upon land recovery by the State, and settlement of land related complaints.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://faolex.fao.org/cgi-bin/faolex.exe?rec_id=058640&database=faolex&search_type=link&table=result&lang=eng&[email protected]" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Decree No. 22/1998/NĐ-CP (1998) on compensations for damage when the state recovers land for use in purposes of national defense, security, national interests and public interests<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://kenfoxlaw.com/resources/legal-documents/governmental-decrees/2003-vbpl-sp-27381.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Vietnamese Land Law of 2013 (Land Law No.45/2013/QH13)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.itpc.gov.vn/investors/how_to_invest/law/Law_on_land/mldocument_view/?set_language=en" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Vietnamese Land Law of 2003 (No. 13/2003/QH11)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://moj.gov.vn/vbpq/en/Lists/Vn%20bn%20php%20lut/View_Detail.aspx?ItemID=8269" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> [2] Con Dau Parish Blog (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://condaudanang.wordpress.com/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [3] UN-OHCHR Press Relsease (26/03/2015): "<br />Viet Nam land grabbing case needs to be urgently addressed – UN human rights experts" (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=14438&LangID=E" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [4] RFA News online (27/08/2010): "Con Dau Victim Speaks Out: A Catholic refugee describes his beating by Vietnamese authorities" (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.rfa.org/english/news/victim-08272010154154.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [1] CON DAU PARISH REPORT TO THE UN SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dvov.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/con-dau-parish-report-to-the-un-special-rapporteur-on-freedom-of-religion.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [5] RFA News online (24/08/2010): "Asylum Seekers Fear Return: A group of Catholics in Thailand says they are in danger of persecution in Vietnam." (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.rfa.org/english/news/vietnam/asylum-08242010171717.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [6] RFA News online (09/09/2010): "Police Target Refugee Families: Vietnamese authorities harass the families of Catholic parishioners." (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.rfa.org/english/news/vietnam/refugee-09092010151453.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [7] RFA News online - RFA’s Vietnamese Service (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.rfa15.org/rfas-vietnamese-service/ " target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [9] Sun Land Group Project Website (accessed 16/06/2015)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://sunland.com.vn/du-an/1/29/nam-cau-nguyen-tri-phuong-project.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Video: Dân Oan Cồn Dầu Kêu Cứu!!!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=229&v=CO4vK_nd4ZY " target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Video on violent crackdown<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EtCMKeGIPXA&index=7&list=PLVdUDj5QwzYZ4PAF7kZi9UM1rgbOz19IF " target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Video: Interview with first Con Dau family to be resettled in US as refugees (05-15-12)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=30-G_ia44nU" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>[1] Con Dau Parish report for download</strong> Source: http://dvov.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/con-dau-parish-report-to-the-un-special-rapporteur-on-freedom-of-religion.pdf<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/con-dau-parish-report-to-the-un-special-rapporteur-on-freedom-of-religion.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>[8] FIDH 2014. Alternative Report on the Implementation of the UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights for consideration of the Combined Second to Fourth Reports of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam</strong> <br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/FIDH_2014_INT_CESCR_CSS_VNM_18336_E-1.docx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Con Dau village (2008)</strong> Source: http://dvov.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/con-dau-parish-report-to-the-un-special-rapporteur-on-freedom-of-religion.pdf<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Con_Dau_2008.png" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Con Dau village (2008)</strong> Source: http://dvov.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/con-dau-parish-report-to-the-un-special-rapporteur-on-freedom-of-religion.pdf<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Con_Dau_Parish_2008.png" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Evictions</strong> Source: http://dvov.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/con-dau-parish-report-to-the-un-special-rapporteur-on-freedom-of-religion.pdf<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Con_Dau_demolishion.png" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Protests</strong> Source: https://condaudanang.wordpress.com/<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/a___condau.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Protests</strong> Source: https://condaudanang.wordpress.com/<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/a_____condau.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Violent crackdown</strong> Source: http://dvov.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/con-dau-parish-report-to-the-un-special-rapporteur-on-freedom-of-religion.pdf<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/violent_attacks.png" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>A. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at" gmail "dot" com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>19/06/2015</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
Comments